Creating A New Nation Hist 105

Creating A New Nation Hist 105 - Creating a New Nation •...

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Creating a New Nation The Articles of Confederation Some things everyone agreed US should have, needed to remain true to their republican past, so that folks have a say in what goes on, new concept of writing down a law and sticking to it, vote for property owning white males, representatives can be removed and so can laws, no monarchy, at the end of revolution the US government was set up around Articles of Confederation, set up a confederacy of the 13 states, loose-knit, the government is a congress and supreme court, congress is one house, no central governing figure, no executive branch, the central government has very weak power, the power will lie in the states no central government, to changes anything in Articles of Confederation, you need the consent of all 13 states, which makes it’s almost impossible for change, Rhode Island tends to hold out, the government has limited power, power to regulate military and that’s about it, because of this the Articles of Confederation in creating a government were largely a failure The Problem of Debt Their big problem is taxation, after war there is a lot of debt so they need to be able to tax but they have no power to tax, Articles of Confederation say that if government needs money they can request of the states, states say no, huge issue at this
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time because both the central and national governments are in debt, so are the states and people, US has 40 million dollar debt at the end of the war, the states have a combined debt of 115 million dollars, raising taxes doesn’t work because people don’t have ability to pay, easy solution- print more money, money is based on gold, the amount of paper money in print should be equal to the amount of gold you have on hand, the problem is that the US doesn’t have much gold, so it doesn’t work, they are printing worthless money, each state prints own money, 14 different currencies, then the 13 colonies have their original money, also, currency from different countries, 24 different types of money, this is called hyperinflation, the price of everything goes up, what they need to do is burn money and take it out of circulation Newburgh Conspiracy The Articles of Confederation don’t work well but they do have some positive effects, the boundaries of the 13 colonies more than doubled after the revolution, who owns that land? What are boundaries of estates? The articles of confederation pass the Land Ordinance of 1785- a general survey of all this new land, also the Northwest Ordinance of 1787- gets states like NY VA and Mass to give up land to the west, gets them to give up claim, don’t set their boundaries but give up the idea that their borders
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are limitless, opens the way for new states to be acquired, the problem with these land ideas is it tend to impact poor people more so than anyone else, impacts in a big way former soldiers, how do we reward soldiers and help them? The soldiers don’t feel that this is the case, riots and rebellions take place, shows how
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