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Family crisis and DysfunctionSuccessful:meet most of members needs most of the time with out causing physical or psychological harm to members of larger society. •Maintenance•Safety•Love•Autonomy•Self esteem•Permission to make mistakes•SpiritualityFamily System:exchanges among members in which they all participate equally.Maslow Hierarchy of NeedsNormative Stressors:happen to most families, are more anticipated, usually positively stigmatized, societal responses are more institutionalized. Opposite of situational stressors.Stressor or event+family resources+interpretation=outcome of crisisPhases in family crisis recovery•Crisis phase•Disorganization•Recovery•Reorganization Factors influencing intensity and duration of crisis•Nature of crisis•Personal resources•Social resourcesHealthy Family vs. Dysfunctional Family (intimacy in healthy relationships is interdependent)•Emotions are expressed members can freely ask for and give attention•Open communication•Rules are flexible to adapt to individual needs•Mistakes are tolerated•Differences are allowed, each member is encouraged to pursue his/her interest•Children and their rights are consistently respected•Children do not fear or are subject to emotional, verbal, physical or sexual abuseCo-dependent Families:dysfunctional and discourage expression Consequences of dysfunctional family environment on children (have difficulties in interpersonal and intimate relationships)•have difficulty following a project through from beginning to end•lie when it would be just as easy to tell the truth•“guess at what “normal” is•judge themselves without mercy•have difficult having fun•take themselves very seriously•have difficulty with intimate relationships•overreact to changes over which they have no control•constantly seek approval and affirmation•usually feel different from other people•are extremely loyal, even in the face of evidence that their loyalty is undeserved.•are either super responsible or super irresponsible.Courtship and Coupling
Social regulations •who rules•how rules•who decides rules•criteria for selectionSexual revolution: contraception was keyFamily Wage:one worker should be able to make enough money to support his family. Sanctions:threatened penalty for disobeying law or norm•Certainty of sanction: if you violate the norm is there an immediate reaction every time? If the consistency of the reactions is off then it is more likely that you will break the norm. •Severity of sanction: how sever is the penalty or reaction to the norm being violated?•Personal importance of sanction: how important is the norm to you?