Lecture 23_Populations Pres

biologicalfactorsageisthekeybiologicalfactorinfecundi

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Unformatted text preview: 'lity?* * Fer'lity,*the*reproduc've*behavior*of*a*popula'on,*is*affected*by*biological,* economic,*and*cultural*factors.** Biological*factors:*age*is*the*key*biological*factor*in*fecundity*–*the*ability*of*a* woman*to*conceive.* Economic*factors:*with*increasing*industrializa'on*and*urbaniza'on,*fer'lity* declines.*This*economic*argument*suggests*that*tradi'onal*socie'es*in*which*the* family*is*a*total*produc'on*and*consump'on*unit,*are*strongly*pro^natalist:*that*is,* they*favor*large*families.*By*contrast,*modern*socie'es*emphasize*small*families* and*individual*independence,*in*economic*terms,*whereas*children*once*were* valued*for*their*contribu'ons*to*the*household,*today*they*represent*an*expense.*:* a*host*of*complex*and*interrelated*cultural*factors*also*affect*fer'lity;*in*fact,*it*is* now*oden*suggested*that*the*reasons*behind*current*reduc'ons*in*fer'lity*are* primarily*cultural*rather*than*economic.*Marriage,*contracep've*use,*abor'on*are* some*important*cultural*factors*affec'ng*fer'lity.** Many govts actively support or go against abortion (eg. China and Sweden vs. America) Human right or rules What*are*some*of*the*factors*affec'ng*mortality?* But many anti-natalist as well: Many countries to subsidize daycare/children India was the first. Programs for incentives and education * Japan wants another baby boom to avoid recession Canad...
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This note was uploaded on 04/19/2013 for the course GEOG 112 taught by Professor Barnes during the Spring '13 term at UBC.

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