Jane Mercer - -the classification of mental retardation depended upon AAMR definition of intellectual disability 2002-mental retardation is a

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Jane Mercer -Jane Mercer was an anthropologist who studied people with borderline mental retardation (early 1970s) -she found that many of these people were able to conduct themselves when outside of school (held down jobs, had families, etc.) -schools were responsible for identifying these students -prevalence of mental retardation dropped after age 16 -the results of Mercer’s work led to an increased focus on adaptive behavior in the classification of mental retardation Definition of mental retardation (1983) -in 1983, the AAMD updated the definition -sub average intellectual ability had to exist concurrently with deficits in adaptive behavior -this definition emphasized deficits in adaptive behavior by requiring documentation of deficit adaptive behavior/presence of maladaptive behavior -because of Mercer’s work, the category of “borderline” retardation was abolished
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Unformatted text preview: -the classification of mental retardation depended upon AAMR definition of intellectual disability 2002-mental retardation is a disability characterized by significant limitations in both intellectual functioning and conceptual, social and practical adaptive skills-levels of retardation are now defined in the terms of the intensity (how much) and chronicity (how often) of support needed by the person to be adaptive AAMR now called AAIDD levels of intensities of support Intermittent- short term supports on an “as needed basis” Limited- time limited supports that are needed consistently, not intermittently (transitional supports from school to work) Extensive- daily supports in at least some environments that are not time-limited (ex: long-term home care) Pervasive- supports that are need consistently, across environments, and may be needed to sustain life...
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course EDUC 230 taught by Professor Ferretti during the Spring '08 term at University of Delaware.

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