September 10, 2007 Western Philosophy Plato, The Republic , 368c-376e; 412b-421c 1. What are the basic tasks of the citizens of Socrates small city? How are these tasks divided up? 2. Briefly outline the content of the noble lie. What is a lie? Why is it noble? Socrates’ city is meant to be a utopia. A place where justice is always existent and around at all times. The citizens are divided into two classes with one subdivision in the “Guardians” class. They are separated by the use of a Noble lie. The idea that each soul is ruled by one metal be it: bronze, iron, silver or gold. The basic tasks of these citizens are relegated to those who seem most fitting for the task. Each person is to do their own load for the city and not meddles in the business of others. The producing class is the main existing class; it consists of craftsmen, farmers, doctors and skilled artisans. They help to provide for the necessaries of life in the city; these include: food, clothing, heath and shelter. The producing class is considered to be at the Iron and Bronze
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This essay was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course PHIL 105 taught by Professor Erfani during the Fall '07 term at American.