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11/7 - 11/7 1 Motivation a Instinct Theory i Definition 1...

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11/7 1. Motivation a. Instinct Theory i. Definition 1. Inborn predisposition to act in a particular way ii. Minimized the role of experience and learning iii. 1950’s 1. The term “instinct” was revived a. In Europe i. Ethologists 1. Researcher a. Lornez b. Tinbergen 2. Believed in 2 stages a. Fixed action pattern i. An event that occurs b. Releasor i. Causes a fixed action pattern 2. Hunger a. The prototypical Motivation System i. Stanley Schacter and studies of obesity 1. Dealt with controls 2. Simple hypothesis a. Non obese people have internal biological cues i. They respond to their feeding system b. Obese subjects respond to external cues i. NOT internal biological factors c. Simplified i. Fat people become fat because they are very susceptible by their environment d. Experiment i. Put people in a room 1. No clocks, watches, no windows, no sounds 2. Long time filling out questionaires ii. Put out a bowl of “good tasting” crackers iii. Tells them they can eat them iv. Split normal people into two groups 1. Tells half of the subjects that it is
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