3_6 - Crime Overview Crime defined Trends in crime Special...

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Unformatted text preview: Crime Overview Crime defined Trends in crime Special issues Crime Crime: the violation of norms codified into law Enforced by state appointed authorities, through the use of formal sanctions U.S. crime rates are very high compared to other developed nations It has been suggested that Americans live in a "culture of fear" Most crime is not violent Crime Nonviolent crime 7 times more common Murder: Crime is overwhelmingly not random Three times more likely to be "friendly" Risk of being a victim peaks at age 25 Overwhelmingly male (85% of perps; 70% of victims) Overwhelmingly intraracial Disproportionately impacts the poor Trends in Crime Includes rape, robbery, assault, and homicide. Source: Bureau of Justice Statistics 2007 Trends in Crime Includes crimes such as burglary and theft. Source: Bureau of Justice Statistics 2007 Trends in Crime Why The Decline in Crime? Economic expansion of the late 1990s Tapering off of crack epidemic New initiatives in community policing New gun control laws Increasing size of the prison population Crime The Trouble with Crime Statistics 2 major sources of crime data: Police reports Victimization surveys Underreporting a major issue UnderReporting of Crime Bureau of Justice Statistics 2007 Urban Bias in Criminology Crime Criminology, theoretically and empirically, has been very urban focused Rural crime rates uniformly lower, but not negligible, especially in the South Reason to believe we have urban theories of crime Guns and crime Economic deprivation and crime Crime In Sum Crime is a persistent feature of modern society Its definition and the negative sanctions faced by violators have far reaching consequences Crime is overwhelmingly not random, but highly patterned ...
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course SOCL 2001 taught by Professor Mecom during the Spring '07 term at LSU.

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