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Unformatted text preview: Interaction and Social Structure
Overview Interaction and the Negotiated Order Elements of Social Structure Interaction and the Negotiated Order
Social Interaction and Social Reality Our social reality... Is shaped by our perceptions, evaluations, and definitions of others Reflects the values and norms of the our cultural groups and our socialization Is literally constructed through our social interactions Interaction and the Negotiated Order
The Negotiated Order Refers to social structure derived from social interactions between people Social structure is not static People continually define and redefine its character Elements of Social Structure
What is Social Structure? The way in which a society is organized Framework of relationships between people and groups that form a society (i.e., the social order) 5 key elements: Statuses, roles, groups, networks, and social institutions Elements of Social Structure
Social Status Socially defined positions within a society or social group Serve as guides for behavior Status set: all the statuses (positions) an individual occupies Elements of Social Structure
Social Status Ascribed Status: status that is assigned or inherited by an individual; involuntary Achieved Status: status that is acquired or earned by some effort or activity Master Status: status that cuts across or overshadows others in a status set Example Status Set Elements of Social Structure
Social Status Do opposites really attract? Think of three statuses you desire in a partner... Norms of Homogamy: norms that encourage people to interact with those occupying similar social statuses Elements of Social Structure
Social Roles The behavioral expectations and obligations of those who occupy a status Role conflict: When two or more statuses held by the same person create incompatible expectations Role strain: When the same status imposes conflicting expectations Role exit: Ending of a role; happens when a status changes Elements of Social Structure
Social Groups Two or more people with shared norms, who interact with each other on a regular basis It is within groups that most daily social interaction takes place Group norms and sanctions shape interaction Elements of Social Structure
Social Networks Web of relationships that link people together, directly and indirectly Can limit our range of interactions Can empower people by making resources available (networking). Social Capital: ability to mobilize resources through social networks Elements of Social Structure
Social Institutions Basic modes of social activity followed by a majority of members of society and protected by strong sanctions The family, religion, education , the economy, the state... Have tremendous sociological significance Ex) The market economy in capitalist Interaction and Social Structure
In Sum... Social structure is determined by and changes through social interaction Its basic elements include... Statuses, roles, groups, networks, and social institutions Context within which our interactions take place and our social realities are defined ...
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- Spring '07