Unformatted text preview: Deviance and Social Control
Overview Exam I Social Control Deviance Exam I Class Average: 81% Range: 100% 46% A = 19% B = 46% D = 7% F = 5% C = 22% Where Do You Stand? Your current grade is calculated as: (Exam I + Bonus Points) / 100 A = 100 89.5 B = 89.4 79.5 C = 79.4 69.5 D = 69.4 59.5 F = 59.4 0 Social Control Social Control Means by which members of society encourage conformity to norms Conformity brings rewards Nonconformity carries penalties Positive and Negative Sanctions Social Control
Informal vs. Formal Control Informal Social Control: conformity to norms that are not formally stated Formal Social Control: conformity to norms that are formally stated Laws: codified norms, enforced by the state Conformity and Obedience Social Control Conformity: going along with the group, without necessarily being formally obligated Obedience: compliance with the directions of authority figures Ex) The Milgrim Study What is Deviance? Deviance Deviance is behavior that violates the norms of a group or society Violation of informal or formal norms What is "deviant" is not set in stone
Differs across and within cultures Changes over time Anomie: social condition where norms lose their hold on social behavior The Functionalist Perspective Deviance Deviance can be both functional and dysfunctional for society Helps to define acceptable behavior and thus contributes to social stability Can also disrupt social stability The Conflict Perspective Deviance Definition of deviance serves the interests of elites Control the criminal justice system and the legal system Law is an instrument of oppression Ex) white collar vs. street crime; crack cocaine; race/ethnicity... The Interactionist Perspective Deviance Differential association theory: one learns criminal behavior through interactions with others Not just techniques, but motives and rationalizations, values and norms What is "deviant" and how we understand that depends on group membership The Interactionist Perspective Deviance Labeling theory: notion that social labels shape selfperception and perception of others Labels channel behavior into deviance or conformity Key question is who has the power to apply labels Deviance and Social Control
In Sum What is considered "deviant" is socially defined The definition of deviance has profound consequences for society ...
View Full Document
- Spring '07