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2_13 - Formal Organizations Overview The Rationalization of...

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Unformatted text preview: Formal Organizations Overview The Rationalization of Society Formal Organizations & Bureaucracy Preparing for Exam I The Rationalization of Society Societal shift from traditional orientation to life to a rational orientation Traditional societies: customs and the relationships based on them are the central organizing principle History and tradition best guide for future The Rationalization of Society Rationality: using formal rules, the value of efficiency, and practical results to determine human affairs "Rationing" of social life Results are what matter, rather than traditional relationships Tremendous break from past Ex) Impact on household economics Rationalization of society led to new types of organizations Formal Organizations: a secondary group designed for a specialpurpose or objective with formalized positions and procedures Formal Organizations Examples: Army Department of Motor Vehicles U.S. Postal Service LSU Dominant form of formal organization, defined by the following characteristics: Division of labor Hierarchy of authority Written rules and regulations Impersonality Employment based on technical qualifications/credentials Bureaucracy Bureaucracy LSU's organizational chart Functions for Society Bureaucracy Division of labor: produces efficiency Hierarchy of authority: clarifies chain of command Written rules and regulations: clarifies expectations Impersonality: reduces bias Employment based on credentials: promotion based on merit/ability Dysfunctions for Individuals Bureaucracy Division of labor: alienation and trained incapacity Hierarchy of authority: employees often lack voice in decision making Written rules and regulations: can stifle initiative and imagination Impersonality: alienation Employment based on credentials: can serve to block advancement of qualified individuals Dysfunctions for Organizations Bureaucracy Division of labor: can produce narrow perspective mistakes Hierarchy of authority: permits concealment of Written rules and regulations: can lead to goal displacement organization Impersonality: can discourage loyalty to the Employment based on credentials: allows Peter Principle to operate Bureaucracy Dysfunctions Iron Cage of Bureaucracy: strengths (calculability, rationality) also dehumanizing Iron Law of Oligarchy: greater organizational complexity leads to less democratic control Organizations In Sum... Rationalization of society has given rise to certain types of formal organizations Most importantly, the rise of bureaucracy Next class, Thurs., Feb. 15 Exam I What is Sociology Sociological Research Culture and Society Socialization Social Structure & Interaction Groups and Organizations Chapter 1 Chapter 2 Chapter 3 Chapter 4 Chapter 5 Chapter 6 Next class, Thurs., Feb. 15 Exam I Multiple choice Bring a small scantron sheet (50 items/side) and a #2 pencil Be there and be on time (regular room, regular time) Study Hard and Good Luck! ...
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