4-26 - Education Overview The Sociology of Education...

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Unformatted text preview: Education Overview The Sociology of Education Sociological Perspectives on Education Educational Attainment and Life Chances The Sociology of Education Sociologists are interested in understanding: How educational institutions are organized How education shapes beliefs and values How education influences social stratification The interrelationship between education and the larger society The Sociology of Education Education as a Social Institution Formal education is among the most important institutions in modern society Powerful agent of socialization Teaches dominant values and norms Promotes social solidarity Tremendous influence on social stratification and life chances The Sociology of Education Education and Industrialization Rise of formal education largely coincided with industrialization Traditionally "education" occurred within context of family and community The rationalization of society (orientation toward efficiency and specialization) led to rise of formal mass education The Sociology of Education Sociological Perspectives on Education The Functionalist Perspective Educational institutions provide important functions for society Manifest Functions: The transmission of knowledge and the bestowal of status Latent Functions: Include transmitting culture, promoting social and political integration, maintaining social control, serving as an agent of social change... Sociological Perspectives on Education The Functionalist Perspective Human Capital Theory People are rewarded in the market based on the "bundle of skills" they carry Assess the costs and benefits of investments in human capital Differential investments in schooling and training explain differential outcomes Sociological Perspectives on Education The Conflict Perspective Education is an instrument of elite domination Schools reinforce existing social class inequality Convince subordinate groups of their inferiority Educational system perpetuates and reinforces inequality Sociological Perspectives on Education The Conflict Perspective Credentialing Theory Rise of mass education driven by need for credentials (not demand for skills) Educational credentials legitimate the unequal rewards and power enjoyed by higher status groups Serve to legitimate inequality and group boundaries Sociological Perspectives on Education The Interactionist Perspective Labeling Theory: Social labels shape our selfconcepts and our interactions SelfFulfilling Prophecy Teacherexpectation effect: The impact of teacher expectations on student performance Educational Attainment and Life Chances Educational attainment is a crucial determinant of life chances Increasingly divergent realities among the more and less educated Primarily driven by loss of ground among the less educated (high school or less) Educational Attainment and Life Chances Educational attainment is... Strongly influenced by socioeconomic status Strongly related to social mobility, earnings, poverty status... Major factor in shaping social class and racial/ethnic inequality Educational Attainment and Life Chances Recent report on TOPS Schools with fewest TOPSeligible students have two things in common: Most of their students are poor Most of their students are black TOPS and Family Income: $75,000 +; <20% of pop.; ~40% of TOPS < $35,000; >50% of pop.; ~20% of TOPS Educational Attainment and Life Chances Education... The Great Equalizer or The Great Divider ...
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course SOCL 2001 taught by Professor Mecom during the Spring '07 term at LSU.

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