Psych Exam 3 Outline

Psych Exam 3 Outline - Psych Exam 3 Outline Intelligence 1...

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Psych Exam 3 Outline Intelligence 1. Single Characteristic (G Factor) a. A primary intelligence factor that under1ies all specific abilities 2. Several Components a. Gardner’s theory of multiple intelligence i. People do not have one general intelligence, they have multiple. 1. each is independent of the others 2. ex: Savant syndrome, Olympic athletes (bodily intelligence) b. Sternberg’s Triarchic Theory of Intelligence i. Analytical 1. ability to think critically, analytically 2. ex: good students, teachers, profs ii. Creative 1. insight, ability to formulate new ideas 2. ex: inventors, musicians, artists iii. Practical 1. street smarts, solving everyday life issues 2. ex: con artists c. Emotional Intelligence i. Cluster of traits relating to the emotional side of life. Our abilities to perceive, understand and express emotions 1. must know one’s own emotions/how to manage 2. must recognize emotions in others and respond 3. must be able to manage relationships well 4. must be able to motivate oneself, optimistic 3. IQ a. Alfred Binet-first person to measure intelligence i. Chronological age-actual age ii. Mental age- average level of performance on an intelligence test for someone of a particular age iii. IQ= (Mental age / chronological age) x 100 ; avg. score = 100 1. Intelligence stops increasing at a certain age. 4. Measuring IQ a. Aptitude tests – used to predict future performance, ability to learn (WAIS, WISC) i. Wechsler tests of intelligence 1. Wechsler Adult Intelligence Score (WAIS) 2. Wechsler Intelligence Score for Children (WISC) a. 3 hours, one on one test, used on deficient and gifted children b. Achievement tests – used to measure what you already learned c. Verbal and Performance (non-verbal) measured by lots of subtests
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d. Points: i. You get 2 component scores and one overall score ii. Differences between component scores can illuminate learning disabilities 5. Creativity a. 5 components of creativity i. Expertise ii. Imaginative thinking skills iii. Venturesome personality iv. Intrinsic motivation v. Creative environment 6. Constructing Intelligence Tests a. Standardization – give the test to a large group of people and look at the mean score and distribution scores i. Normal curve – most scores in the middle of the distribution fewer at the extreme b. Reliability – test must yield the same scores each time it is given to the same quantity c. Validity – the test must measure what it claims to measure i. Content validity – Does the test contain questions that directly assess the relevant behavior? ii. Predictive validity – Can it predict what it is supposed to predict? 1. SAT scores? 7. Mental Retardation a. Intellectual functioning that is considerably below average AND b. Difficulty in meeting demands of everyday life 1. About 1% of the population 2. More males than females ii. Mild – (IQ 55-69) 6 th grade level, can support oneself (hold job) iii. Moderate (40-54) 2 nd grade level, can contribute to support oneself
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course PSYCH 100 taught by Professor Cave during the Spring '08 term at UMass (Amherst).

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Psych Exam 3 Outline - Psych Exam 3 Outline Intelligence 1...

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