Philosophy Review Exam 3

Philosophy Review Exam 3 - Philosophy Review Exam 3 1. How...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–4. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Philosophy Review Exam 3 1. How to PEE an argument a. Presenting the Argument i. If _ is true, then it is morally permissible to _. ii. It is not the case that _ is morally permissible. iii. Therefore, it is not the case that _ is true. 1. 1,2 MT b. Explaining the Argument i. Justification for premise 1 ii. Justification for premise 2 iii. Explain technical terms i.e. Utilitarianism, Qual U, Quant U, etc. c. Evaluating the Argument i. Valid? ii. Sound? iii. Agree? Disagree? iv. Opinion 2. Thompson’s goals in “A Defense of Abortion” a. to challenge some arguments for the moral impermissibility of abortion b. to argue for the permissibility of abortion in a number of cases 3. The Main Argument for the Moral Impermissibility of Abortion 1. If a fetus has a right to live, then it is morally impermissible to kill a fetus. 2. A fetus has a right to live. 3. Therefore it is morally impermissible to kill a fetus. 1,2 MP
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
4. What is a right? a. A right is a special moral protection against being sacrificed in order to benefit others or for the greater good. 5. Argument for Fetuses having a Right to Live 1. A fetus is a person. 2. If a fetus is a person, then a fetus has a right to life. 3. Therefore, a fetus has a right to life. 1,2 MP ii. “A similar line of reasoning would be to say that acorns are oak trees, but acorns are not oak trees. Therefore that line of reasoning is faulty.” 6. The Famous Violinist Case a. You wake up one day and are plugged into a famous violinist. In order to save his life you need to be plugged into him for nine years so that your kidneys can extract poison from his blood. Is this morally permissible? i. If Right to Life Thesis #2 is true, then it is morally impermissible to unplug oneself from the violinist. ii. It is not the case that it is morally impermissible to unplug oneself from the violinist. iii. Therefore, it is not the case that Right to Life Thesis #2 is true. 1,2 MP 1. Abortion in the case of rape is morally permissible. 2. The first premise of the Main Argument for the Moral Permissibility of Abortion is false.
Background image of page 2
7. The Extreme View a. Abortion is impermissible in all cases, even if an abortion is necessary to save the mother. 8. Thompson’s Argument Against the Extreme View a. The Growing Baby Argument Against the Extreme View i. If it is morally permissible for the mother to kill the rapidly growing baby, then the Extreme View is false. ii. It is permissible for the mother to kill the rapidly growing baby. iii. Therefore, the Extreme View is false. 1,2 MP 9. The Slightly Less Extreme View a. Abortion is morally impermissible except in cases in which the mother performs an abortion on herself in order to save her own life. 10.
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 4
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 14

Philosophy Review Exam 3 - Philosophy Review Exam 3 1. How...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 4. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online