History 105 Key Terms Study Guide

History 105 Key Terms Study Guide - History Study Guide:...

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-1History Study Guide: Treaty of Versailles : Signed at the Hall of Mirrors in Versailles. Officially ended World War I. The League of Nations was to allow for honorable relations between nations. Was a creation of Woodrow Wilson. There was equality of nations under the new international law (these ideas came from the Enlightenment). Included Article 22, which said that any colonies that belong to Germany are to be set free. League determines which will be free and which will be mandates. Article 231 justified all of the punitive measures against Germany. Includes the “war guilt clause” which puts all of the blame of the war on Germany. Dramatically changes the map of Europe. Took six months of negotiations to reach this treaty. David Lloyd George, Vittorio Orlando, Georges Clemenceu, and Woodrow Wilson were the major powers there. League of Nations : International Organization founded as a result of the Treaty. Lacked an armed force. It’s goals were disarmament, preventing war through collective security, settling disputes between countries through negotiation, diplomacy and improving global welfar. Replaced by the United Nations after the end of WWII. Munich Agreement : Hitler demands the Sudentenland, which borders Germany in Czechoslovakia. Mostly German speaking. Hitler says they are being oppressed by Czech. Government. Says they deserve to be part of Germany. Provokes the Munich Agreement. Czechoslovokia and the Soviet Union weren’t involved. Villages that are 90% German speaking join Germany. Other villages hold elections and choose. Lasts six months. September ‘38 - March ‘39 - Germany sends troops and takes over all of Czechoslovakia. Next Hitler demands Danzig in Poland. When he invades, war breaks out. This is an example of appeasement and how it didn’t work. Invasion of Poland: Precipitated WWII. Germany and Soviet Union invaded. Started September 1, 1939 and ended October 6, 1939, with Germany and the Soviet Union occupying all of Poland. Allies declared war on Germany, but there was little direct involvement on their part. Polish troops retreated to Romania and Hungary. Over the course of the war, Poland lost 20% of its prewar population. Invasion of Russia: June 1941: Hitler launches Operation Barbarossa, which is the invasion of the Soviet Union. He thinks its going to be very easy, so he invades in June and doesn’t even bring winter clothes or supplies for his troops. Great underestimation. Germany wants oil. Largest invasion in written history. Ended in December 1941, Red Army had repelled the German Army. This failure resulted in the eventual defeat of Nazi Germany. Opened up the Eastern Front, which became one of the biggest theaters of war in human history. Was the site of some of the largest and most brutal battles. Normandy Landings (D Day)
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course HIST 105 taught by Professor Grayzel during the Fall '08 term at Ole Miss.

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History 105 Key Terms Study Guide - History Study Guide:...

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