KofunAsuka - List of Works and Terms (tentative) 2008 Oba...

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List of Works and Terms (tentative) Oba AD265, Winter 2008 KOFUN PERIOD (c. 300-710) Kofun= “old tomb” Yamato state--region, district in Japan (around present day Koyoto) /clan Was most powerful in its time, imperial court established there Tomb of Emperor Nintoku , Sakai, Osaka prefecture, c. 400. [24] Nintoku tennô (reigned c.395-427) Tenno-strong religious meaning to Shinto, considered descendents of Japanese Gods and Goddesses Keyhole shaped mound surrounded by moats (3) Highest point is 90ft tall, 500 meters in length (1/3 mile) Why so big? Shows authority and power of deceased-important in culture Haniwa , c. 300-710. Clay. [25, 28, 29] Objects that are placed on the kofun; could be sculpture, figures Over 20,000 are placed on tomb of Nintoku tenno -representation of human form is more realistic compared to earlier objects in Jomon period dogu -still very simplified/cylindrical in shape (farmer); no distinguishing design markings -warrior haniwa and dogu from final jomon are more detailed-lifelike no movement to show, just figure/no fighting look -larger in size -comparisons to Dogu: both free-standing objects, serving a specific purpose (religious), unpainted/natural (texture, color, quality shown), made of clay, simplified shape interestingly do not represent the emperors, but secular images rather, normal people, ordinary life to protect? Dôkyô with chokkomon . c. 300-450. Bronze. [34] Dokyo= “Bronze mirror” Perfect circular shape-associated with the sun; the sun goddess-most important among Shinto -Amaterasu-Sun Goddess Ritual burial object/very important to show the authority and power, supposed to reflect Amerterasu’s image. Design on backside: abstract called “Chokkomon”=straight line and arc design combination -breaks the perfect symmetry into movement Comparison to Jomon vessel and Yayoi pitcher: designs found in nature Magatama , c. 300-400. [35] (cf. 17, 58)
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List of Works and Terms (tentative) Oba AD265, Winter 2008 C-shaped jewel made of precious stones (jade, etc.) Small in size Originally used as accessory-in Kofun period it became one of three divine objects along with mirror and sword -leaders are supposed to have all three in tombs -symbolize power given by gods and goddess’, high status as well Painted wall with chokkomon at Idera Tomb , Kumamoto prefecture, c. 600. [39] Later kofun’s became much smaller than earlier tombs—spread to local leaders, more popular; became more decorative though on wall with chokkomon design Late Kofun time Painted wall at Takehara Tomb , Fukuoka prefecture, c. 600. [40] Representational images occur in this tomb—not totally abstract, stories being depicted with man, horse, imaginary creature maybe, water, ceremonial fans! -stylized depiction of waves
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course AD 265 taught by Professor Oba during the Winter '08 term at N. Michigan.

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KofunAsuka - List of Works and Terms (tentative) 2008 Oba...

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