Hume Lecture Notes

Bring this virtue nearer by our acquaintance or

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Unformatted text preview: lly indifferent to the images of vice and virtue” (273). Have a very hard time distinguishing between right and wrong and lack and ability to have sympathy Unaffected by joy or pain of others o Page 271 “Virtue, placed at such a distance, is like a fixed star, which, though to the eye of reason it may appear as luminous as the sun in his meridian, is so infinitely removed as to affect the senses, neither with light nor heat. Bring this virtue nearer, by our acquaintance or connection with the persons, or even by an eloquent recital of the case; our hearts are immediately caught, our sympathy enlivened, and our cool approbation converted into the warmest sentiments of friendship and regard” (271). We are more affected by the death of a close one more than someone on TV dying Social virtues and goods we feel are useful and helpful and are helpful to society Why do we feel these things? o “The interest of society appears, on this occasion, to be in some degree the interest of each individual” (272). Affects other people if we do good Hobbes – we are built to protect our lives and that’s it Hume – when we do good for other people we are doing good for humanity Our own interest normally line up with the interests of the human race Built system of morality on basis of feelings if things are good or bad, but what if everyone has different feelings? How do we reconcile? Too subjective for basis of morality? o Hume: “When I was 20, says a French poet, Ovid was my favorite. Now I am forty, I declare for Horace. We enter, to be sure, more readily into sentiments which resemble those we feel every day: But no passion, when well presented, can be entirely indifferent to us, … within him at least the seeds and first principles” (272). o “The intercourse of sentiments…in the theatre, and in the schools” (274). As we get older we have experiences that change us Example: Scrooge enters into community and becomes nicer and cares less about money at the end Coming into contact with people makes us better at doing ethics Moral sentiments are teachable More time we spend with one another, the stronger the bonds of community, the more likely to come to consensuses on moral standings and general opinions Build on basis of connections with one another...
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