{[ promptMessage ]}

Bookmark it

{[ promptMessage ]}

18th Century - Amanda Mikhail Dr Rockefeller Hist Mdrn...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Amanda Mikhail Dr. Rockefeller Hist Mdrn Western Civ. November 8, 2007 The Age of the Enlightenment best describes the time period from 1688-1815 in that it encompasses all other aspects of the 18 th century such as, reason, science and revolution. Reason, a rational approach to thought, is one of the most important fractions of the enlightenment. It was exemplified through great philosophes, leaders and new religions. The importance of science, or belief in natural law, was illustrated through John Locke and Isaac Newton. Revolution was extremely prominent, the most well-known being the French Revolution of 1789. Great thinkers, such as Jean-Jacques Rousseau, redefined the causes of revolution. Each individual ideal, alone, cannot define the 18 th century. In fact, each great thinker and each great movement was made up of more than one enlightened characteristic. When put together, each principle helps to build the larger Age of Enlightenment. French philosophes, such as Montesquieu, Voltaire, and Diderot, were made famous through their use of reason as applied to different changing aspects of the enlightenment. Montesquieu combined reason and science in The Spirit of the Laws in order to contribute to political thought. He used the scientific method, a method formed by reason and rational thinking, in order to conclude the appropriate type of government for a certain people. Voltaire and Diderot embodied skepticism, or growing secularization, of the enlightenment. Diderot supported religious toleration, expressed in his Encyclopedia , a great work, epitomizing reason as the most practical approach to life.
Image of page 1

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
In his Deist views, Voltaire, like Montesquieu, combined science and reason. Reason said that the universe was created by God in absolute perfection and therefore could run on its own. Science said that this was possible because the universe is nothing but a machine
Image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern