Lecture 4 - Lecture 4 (Week 2 Monday) January 14, 2008...

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Lecture 4 (Week 2 Monday) January 14, 2008 Short History of Corrections in the United States - Colonial (1600s-1700s) o Corporal and capital punishment o Crime is predestined - Penitentiary (1790s-1860s) o Separate confinement o Reform through reflection and hard labor o Massachusetts, Penn, and Auburn systems - Reformatory (1870s-1890s) o Indeterminate sentences to institutional facilities Parole; classifications o Crime is a moral disease, but curable - Progressive Movement (1890s-1930s) o Individual case approach Vast discretion to judges and prison administration Focus on offender, not offense Positivist ideas - Medical Model (1930s-1960s) o Rehabilitation and treatment programs o Application of scientific method - Community Correction s(1960s-1970s) o Community integration Vocational and educational programs o Avoid incarceration - Crime Control (1970s-) o Incapacitation Skeptical of rehabilitation o Determinate sentencing o Limit discretion Where are we today? - Has the crime control model ended? - Some evidence that it has o NIJ conference on evidence-based corrections o UCI Center on Evidence-Based Corrections o Governor puts “Rehabilitation” in the DOC
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Lecture 4 - Lecture 4 (Week 2 Monday) January 14, 2008...

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