Finals I and II

Finals I and II - Amanda Mikhail Professor Rockefeller...

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Amanda Mikhail Professor Rockefeller Final I Account for the Levels of Violence While increased technology in weaponry determined the major levels of violence in the 20 th century, this measure of violent acts would not have been possible without the involvement of a large amount of technologically advanced peoples. World War I, originally known as the Great War, resulted from a plethora of causes, such as nationalism, imperialism, militarism, internal conflict, alliances and an assassination. This war introduced new methods of fighting, such as trench and chemical warfare, which made the war unbearably brutal. World War II, the second major war in the 20 th century, also had a wide range of causes, such as nationalism, the Treaty of Versailles, militarism, the Munich Conference, the invasion of Poland and Japanese expansion. This war differed, but was equally as destructive as World War I. New fighting tactics included numerous bombing strategies. The Cold War, a war fought within the shadow of the bomb, was caused by a difference in opinion between America and the Soviet Union. The nuclear technology in this war replaced large levels of violence with fear and panic. Each war’s level of violence was accounted for by new developments of its time and those conducting it. World War I was rooted in nationalism, or pride in each individual nation, and imperialism, or the spreading of power and ownership of countries throughout the world with out conquest. Imperialism caused an increased tension between each countries’ power. Both nationalism and imperialism inspired militarism, or the growing of armies
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and arms. Countries had to be militaristic if they were going to imperialistically conquer more land for the sake of nationalism. Furthermore, there was dilemma of alliances. The allies were formed, which included France, Russia, Britain and the U.S. Nationalism and imperialism also resulted in an internal conflict. For example, Serbia wanted to be independent from Austria/Hungary, but Russia wanted to control Serbia. Consequentially, the Serbs assassinated archduke Francis Ferdinand and began a separatist movement that was opposed by Russia, which, in turn, enraged Austria/Hungary. Austria/Hungary, in their militaristic effort, mobilized an army against the Serbians, and the Russians mobilized an army against Austria/Hungary. As a response to the Russians’ attack on Austria/Hungary, Germany declared war on Russia and France. The German’s then invade Belgium, which instigated Britain to join the war. Thus far, five major countries were involved in a war that could only be destructive. World War I, a war that was supposedly going to last only a few weeks, used increased technology to form a number of horrific weapons that inflicted the violence that resulted in an absurd number of casualties and deaths. Unexpectedly, trench warfare ensued. In trench warfare, each opposing side dug trenches, surrounded by barbed wire, into the ground. New and powerful artillery, machine guns and explosives with a 150-kill
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course HIST 101 taught by Professor Rockefeller during the Fall '07 term at Loyola Maryland.

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Finals I and II - Amanda Mikhail Professor Rockefeller...

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