ESciChap6 - Shanna Locklair Dr Wear Environmental Concepts...

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Shanna Locklair Dr. Wear February 15, 2008 1. What have been then two basic schools of thought regarding the demographic transition? How ere these reflected in the three most recent global population conferences? Speed up economic development in high-growth countries, population growth will slow down “automatically” as it did in developed countries Concentrate on population policies and family planning technologies to bring populations down. At the conference in Bukharest, Romania, the USA was an advocate of contraceptive and family planning technologies while the developing countries argued that “development was the best contraceptive”. Ten years later in Mexico City, the opinions were reversed; Developing countries asked for more assistance with family planning and the USA, influenced by right-to-life-advocates, encouraged development. 2. Discuss the six specific factors that influence the number of children a poor couple desires. Security in old age – someone to care for you in old age.
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Infant/Child mortality – more chance that some of your kids will survive to adulthood and take care of parents in old age. Help – children can keep with chores and faming and increase
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ESciChap6 - Shanna Locklair Dr Wear Environmental Concepts...

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