LIN 200 Week 3 day 2 - AAVE

Well talk more about this later features of aave

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Unformatted text preview: nted in the 1970s by ac>vist educators; term commonly used by non ­linguists. BEV: Black English Vernacular (1960s ­70s) BVE: Black Vernacular English (1960s ­70s) AAVE: African American Vernacular English (1980s  ­ present) AAE: African American English (Late 1990s) BL: Black Language (21st Century; Alim 2005) Who speaks AAVE? •  A majority of African Americans living in the US. •  Many African Americans also speak a standard variety of American English and can codeswitch between AAVE and SE. •  Some African Americans speak only SE. Do non ­African Americans speak AAVE? •  In NYC many Puerto Ricans, Dominicans, and others who live in or near African American communi>es learn AAVE as a second language or second dialect. •  Young people who affiliate with hip hop (Asians, La>nos, whites and others) oten learn the lexicon (especially slang), and phonology of AAVE, but not necessarily the full range of gramma9cal features. •  We’ll talk more about this later! Features of AAVE Phonology Morphology (sounds/ Syntax pronuncia>on) Lexicon (vocabulary) lexicon hip: knowledgeable, with it; to inform someone or make them aware of something. got your nose open: refers to a person who is vulnerable or helpless because of being deeply in love. gangsta limp or pimp walk: a male style of walking or strubng with a slight dip in the stride. rap: originally meant roman>c conversa>on from a man to a woman to win her affec>ons; now means any strong, aggressive, highly fluent powerful talk, cf. rap music mannish/womanish: (‘mature, grown ­up’) get over on somebody: (‘take advantage of’) steady: non ­stop ashy: dry, as in skin AAVE phonology •  AAVE has some features that are also found in southern US English: –  Monophthongiza>on of /a/ in 9me and high –  Merger of vowels in pin and pen –  Post vocalic /r/ ­lessness AAVE phonology •  AAVE also has some features that are shared with lots of other dialec...
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