LIN 200 Week 3 day 2 - AAVE

Where did aave really come from from 1701 1810 a total

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Unformatted text preview: dn’t and nobody), where the standard English version has only one (nobody). morphosyntax (E) Nega(ve Inversion •  Didn’t nobody ask me do I be late for class. (Nobody asked me if I am usually late for class.) In this sentence the nega>ve auxiliary (Didn’t) and the subject (nobody) are inverted (reversed in order compared to Standard English). morphosyntax (F) Indirect Yes/No ques(on (in the subordinate clause) •  Didn’t nobody ask me do I be late for class. (Nobody asked me if I am usually late for class.) In this sentence, instead of embedding a clause with a complemen>zer (if), the embedded clause is a yes/no ques>on “Do I be late for class?” morphosyntax (G) Third person verbal  ­s absence The omission of  ­s in third person verbs (verbs with he, she, it, the man, etc.) •  She go __ there. •  He say__ he goin there. morphosyntax (H) Copula absence •  •  •  She Ø running. You Ø crazy * I Ø running. •  AAE can usually delete the copula where SE reduces it SE he’s here ~ AAE he here SE she’s a teacher ~ AAE she a teacher BUT: SE I’m running ~ AAE * I Ø running •  •  AAE cannot delete the copula where it cannot be reduced in SE Sentence ­final posi>on – I ain’ the one did it, he is Emphasis – Allah IS God Tag Ques>ons – He ain’ home, is he? copula absence: internal constraints •  Copula absence in AAE is more likely to occur before certain gramma>cal categories: –  Noun: She __ da one. –  Loca>ve: She __ there. –  Adjec>ve: She __ preNy. –   ­ing Verb: She __ laughin . –  Gon (gonna): She __ gon go home. Where did AAVE really come from? •  West African (Niger Congo) languages* –  separate markers used instead of verbal inflec>on (affix) –  Ex s Yoruba, Igbo, Fula, Shona, Swahili •  Bri>sh English dialects –  E.g. uninflected be (in place of am, is, are), use of ain t •  Some pronuncia>on and gramma>cal are similar to local dialects from the Bri>sh Isles  ­ especial...
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This note was uploaded on 04/23/2013 for the course LIN 200 taught by Professor Julia during the Spring '10 term at SUNY Stony Brook.

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