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chapter_2 - American History A Survey By Alan Brinkley...

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American History – A Survey By Alan Brinkley Chapter 2 The English “Transplantations” o Lures of New World square4 Vast riches square4 Abundant land square4 Religious freedom o Characteristics of early English settlements Financed by private companies o Expected to produce a profit Few efforts to blend cultures Almost nothing worked out like they wanted o The Early Chesapeake square4 London Company’s Charter for Virginia 144 men Three ships – Godspeed, Discovery, Susan Constant square4 The Founding of Jamestown 1607 Jamestown after King James I Low and swampy Hot and Humid Prone to outbreaks of malaria o Great cause of death In Powhatan territory At first, an entirely male society John Smith o Imposed work and order o Organized raids of Indians o “No work, No food.” o “Earn it!” square4 Reorganization 1609 – 600 people sent to Jamestown (Women and Children in there) 1 ship lost, 1 ship in Bermuda “Starving Time” o Ate dogs, cats, rats, snakes, toadstools, horsehides, corpses Left Jamestown Lord De Warr brought supplies, they had to go back Lord De Warr – first governor o Imposed strict discipline on colony’s work force square4 Tobacco High demands 1612 – John Rolfe grew high quality crops o Very profitable Territorial Expansion o Large areas needed o Tobacco exhausted land after a while Began isolating themselves from Jamestown Stepping on Indian territory square4 Expansion Headright system
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o 50 acres per person o Lead to plantations Transportation of skilled craftsmen 1619 – First boatload of women to Jamestown Promised colonists the full rights of Englishmen 1619 – House of Burgesses o First meeting of elected legislature 1619 – First boatload of slaves – 20 Negroes Expansion success because of suppression of Indians Sir Thomas Dale – Unrelenting assaults on Powhatan tribe, kidnapped Pocahontas o Converted to Christianity and married John Rolfe Opechancanough – Powhatan’s brother o Lead uprisings o Failed twice Colony came under control of crown until 1776 square4 Maryland and the Calverts George Calvert, Lord Baltimore In hopes of a retreat for Catholics 1632 – His son Cecilius, received a charter for Maryland o Sent his brother Leonard as governor and other brother to oversee the settlement of the province.
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