chapter_21 - American History A Survey By Alan Brinkley...

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American History – A SurveyBy Alan BrinkleyChapter 21The Rise of ProgressivismoThe Progressive Impulsesquare4Progressivism was an optimistic visionsquare4Believed in the idea of progresssquare4Believed that society was capable of improvement and that continued growth and advancement werethe nation’s destinysquare4Varieties of ProgressivismOne powerful reform impulse was the spirit of “antimonopoly”oThe fear of concentrated power and the urge to limit and disperse authority andwealthoHelped empower government to regulate or break up trusts at both the state andnational levelAnother progressive impulse was a belief in the importance of social cohesionoThe belief that individuals are not autonomous but part of a great web of socialrelationships, that the welfare of any single person is dependent on the welfare ofsociety as a wholeStill another impulse was a deep faith in knowledgeoIn the possibilities of applying to society the principles of natural and social sciencesMost progressives believed that a modernized government could and must play an importantrole in the process of improving and stabilizing societysquare4The MuckrakersAmong the first people to articulate the new spirit of reform were crusading journalists whobegan in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries to direct public attention towardsocial, economic, and political injusticesoMuckrakersCommitted to exposing scandal, corruption, and injustice to public viewMajor targets – the trusts and particularly the railroadsoCharles Francis Adams, Jr. – uncovered corruption among the railroad baronsoIda Tarbell’s enormous and influential study of the Standard Oil trustLater on targets – government and urban political machinesoLincoln Steffenssquare4His tone of studied moral outrage all helped arouse sentiment for urbanpolitical reformoThe alternative to leaving government in the hands of corrupt party leaders was forthe people themselves to take a greater interest in public lifeBy presenting social problems to the public with indignation and moral fervor, they helpedinspire other Americans to take actionsquare4The Social GospelThe moralistic tone of the muckrakers’ exposes reflected one important aspect of emergingprogressive sentimentoA sense of outrage at social and economic injusticeA clear expression of that concern was the rise of what became known as the “Social Gospel”It was chiefly concerned with redeeming the nation’s citiesThe Salvation Army was one example of the fusion of religion with reformCharles Sheldon’sIn His Stepsmost successful novel of the eraWalter Rauschenbusch, published a series of influential discourses on the possibilities forhuman salvation through Christian reformThe Social Gospel was never the dominant element in the movement for urban reformsquare4The Settlement House MovementOne of the strongest elements of much progressive thought was the belief in the influence ofthe environment on individual development

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Term
Spring
Professor
idunno
Tags
History, Salvation Army, AP US History, late nineteenth century, Reform movement

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