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Unformatted text preview: Romantic Age I. William Blake Had basic ideas of Freud and Marx (Revolutionary) Tried to create his own version of Christianity to fix problems seen within the traditional Church Blake did not like the idea of pity felt it was insulting to the poor Had faith in essential goodness of the individual A. Songs of Innocence and Experience: Contrary States of Human Soul Innocence Spontaneous, joy, freedom, but also, ignorance and defenseless Experience bitter state, child becomes aware of repressive forces a. Songs of Innocence 1. Intro- repetition of pipe and conjugates. Mocking child on cloud tells him to pipe a song about a lamb Mused by young boy on cloud to write poem based on mindset of children. 2. The Echoing Green Genesis of spring, highlighting the subtle yet critical cues that spring has arrived 3. The Lamb Lamb = Jesus (who made thee) Speaker = a child Child then answers his own question, one who calls himself lamb (riddle) Ends with the child saying a blessing over the lamb Blake shows positives of conventional Christianity (gentle, meek, somber) Does not show presence of suffering/evils of the world 4. Little Black Boy Full of contrasting themes Black child speaking of knowledge of his identity and God Boy born in Africa Mother tells him of God and his Love She then tells him his black skin = cloud and he will turn white when he meets God in heaven The black boy tells this to an English boy, telling him his white skin is also a cloud and they will both be free of their bodies when in presence of God Emphasis on divine love Black boy finally states he will be like the English boy and the English boy will love him too Boy explains to white friend that they are equals Clear imagery of light and dark Boy says he will shade his friend from brightness of Gods Love until he is ready for it-black boy is most prepared for heaven 5. The Divine Image Mercy, Pity, Peace, Love = God and also man Mercy = human heart Pity = human face Love = human body Peace = human dress These are the four virtues of delight So ultimately when man is in distress (love, pity mercy peace), he prays to the human form divine 6. Nurses Song Kids playing in the hills, nurse listens with contentment, she wants them to come inside to sleep, they ask to play more and she gives in No suggestion of alienation between kids and adults or man vs. nature (unlike seen in French Revolution) Theme = child innocence and simple joy Childrens happiness provokes nurses inner peace. 7. The Chimney Sweeper Sad account of boy whos mother died and father sold him to be a chimney sweep Reference to lamb Soot cannot spoil white hair when little Toms hair was shaved Job = coffins Angel sets them free to nature to play = Toms Dream Optimistic ending, like childs point of view...
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