English Exam Review - Romantic Age I William Blake • Had...

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Unformatted text preview: Romantic Age I. William Blake • Had basic ideas of Freud and Marx (Revolutionary) • Tried to create his own version of Christianity to fix problems seen within the traditional Church • Blake did not like the idea of pity – felt it was insulting to the poor • Had faith in essential goodness of the individual A. Songs of Innocence and Experience: Contrary States of Human Soul • Innocence – Spontaneous, joy, freedom, but also, ignorance and defenseless • Experience – “bitter state”, child becomes aware of repressive forces a. Songs of Innocence 1. Intro- repetition of “pipe” and conjugates. • Mocking child on cloud tells him to “pipe a song about a lamb” • Mused by young boy on cloud to write poem based on mindset of children. 2. The Echoing Green • Genesis of spring, highlighting the subtle yet critical cues that spring has arrived 3. The Lamb • Lamb = Jesus (who made thee) • Speaker = a child • Child then answers his own question, “one who calls himself lamb” (riddle) • Ends with the child saying a blessing over the lamb • Blake shows positives of conventional Christianity (gentle, meek, somber) • Does not show presence of suffering/evils of the world 4. Little Black Boy • Full of contrasting themes • Black child speaking of knowledge of his identity and God • Boy born in Africa • Mother tells him of God and his Love • She then tells him his black skin = cloud and he will turn white when he meets God in heaven • The black boy tells this to an English boy, telling him his white skin is also a cloud and they will both be free of their bodies when in presence of God • Emphasis on divine love • Black boy finally states he will be like the English boy and the English boy will love him too • Boy explains to white friend that they are equals • Clear imagery of light and dark • Boy says he will shade his friend from brightness of God’s Love until he is ready for it-black boy is most prepared for heaven 5. The Divine Image • Mercy, Pity, Peace, Love = God and also man • Mercy = human heart • Pity = human face • Love = human body • Peace = human dress • These are the four virtues of delight • So ultimately when man is in distress (love, pity mercy peace), he prays to the human form divine 6. Nurse’s Song • Kids playing in the hills, nurse listens with contentment, she wants them to come inside to sleep, they ask to play more and she gives in • No suggestion of alienation between kids and adults or man vs. nature (unlike seen in French Revolution) • Theme = child innocence and simple joy • Children’s’ happiness provokes nurses inner peace. 7. The Chimney Sweeper • Sad account of boy who’s mother died and father sold him to be a chimney sweep • Reference to lamb • “Soot cannot spoil white hair” when little Tom’s hair was shaved • Job = coffins • Angel sets them free to nature to play = Tom’s Dream • Optimistic ending, like child’s point of view...
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English Exam Review - Romantic Age I William Blake • Had...

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