dbq_1848 - Emma Higgins Ap European Ms.Hart 21 March 2019...

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Emma Higgins Ap European Ms.Hart 21 March 2019 DBQ:1848 REVISED In the 1800’s in England the British people demanded for change by using many tactics, and its Parliament did not ignore the people; rather, they made small adjustments in order to placate the liberals and keep a unified nation. Some of these tactics used by the people were making petitions, gathering riots, making unions, and joining in strikes. These tactics initially payed off, and the government stratified the needs of the people. For example, in 1833 after reformers fought to have the government set up public schools and require basic education for all children, the government responded and passed the Factory Act making two hours of education a day required for children working in factories. This is just one example of the many reforms made in England like the Abolition Movement, the suffrage movements, and the union reforms. These demands of the people were often listened to by the conservative government and they satisfied the people by making change. Therefore, Britain did not partake in revolution in 1848, like most places in Europe did, such as France, Austria, and Prussia, and there was no challenge to their conservative government because change was handled in a more strategic way. All of the places who partook in revolutions in 1848 in Europe did so because conservative governments were resistant to meet the demands of the people and satisfy their need for a say in government. Despite the fact that the revolutions in 1848 did challenge the conservative order and some nations had minor, short lived success like the French Revolution of 1848, overall the revolutions in Europe of 1848 led to the success of the conservative order. This is because of factors like conservatives alliance together and were unified while the revolutionaries were not unified, and also because the conservatives were better equipped, militarly, then the revolutionaries were. In 1848 the revolutions in Austia, Prussia, and France all rose against the conservative order and challenged their stability. These working class citizens in these nation’s scared the conservatives and demanded change, they needed their Natural rights. For example, Count Alexander von Hubner, an Austrian diplomat, explains how he now sees Vienna now as the army is struggling with their swords and the only people to be seen are the working class ,the lower class,and scholarly students. He explains how the “good people”, the higher class, have taken off
for safety outside of vienna because they were scared this is because he is part of the higher class, thus feels superior. This shows how the revolutionaries in Austria was slightly successful in challenging the conservative reactions because they have taken control and proved to those in power in government, the conservatives, that they are a force to be reckoned with and will not back down for their chance at achieving a fair government (Doc.5). Because Count Alexander

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