Reflection Paper - Reflection Paper Iesha Neal HSM/210...

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Reflection Paper Iesha Neal HSM/210 09Sept12 Kelly Klein
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To be homeless does not mean to completely have nothing and live on the streets since there are 15-22% of them that are employed (http://www.provertyprogram.com/usapov.html). Homelessness means to not have a steady place to live, as well as not having a steady source of income, or having an income that is below the poverty level. Understanding the homeless and what are some of the factors that go into being homeless in America takes some research. Homelessness reemerged as a visible social concern in the early 1980s (Burt, 1991). Homelessness has effects on modern society such as poverty, increase in crime, increase in disease, and higher suicide rates. These factors are complex in trying to combat, but the more that there is to know and learn from, the more that the modern day human services worker can understand and work on making a difference.
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On average there are 11% of the homeless Americans who have food insecurities, and 9% of homeless Americans that have no access to medical insurance (http://www.provertyprogram.com/usapov.html). With no access to medical insurance that can worsen their chances of trying to recover from any communicable diseases they may have, mental diseases, or any other health related diseases (http://www.bhchp.org/BHCHP Manual/pdf_files/Part4_PDF/Chronic_Med.pdf). Mental health problems are up to eight times more common in the homeless population (Dean & Craig 1999).
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Depression rates amongst the homeless population are higher than amongst the general population (http://www.bhchp.org/BHCHP Manual/pdf_files/Part4_PDF/Chronic_Med.pdf). Among the entire population of the homeless 22-46% have attempted suicide and up to 61% have had suicidal thoughts, making suicide a well known health concern (http://www.provertyprogram.com/usapov.html). The percentage is higher among the homeless with mental illness. Although there are more homeless African Americans the suicide rating is higher among homeless White Americans, which is twice the amount of the other racial groups (http://www.provertyprogram.com/usapov.html).
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Among a nationwide survey of prisoners to be released in 1999, 12% of them have reported to have been homeless at the time of their arrest (http://www/nationalhomeless/org/factssheet/addiction.html). This study has also found that those parolees that lived in urban areas an estimated
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