CRIM 3200 test 1 luckey

CRIM 3200 test 1 luckey - CRIM 3200 LUCKEY TEST 1 We...

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CRIM 3200 LUCKEY TEST 1 January 08, 2008 We reviewed the syllabus January 10, 2008 CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION CORRECTIONS refers to all government actions intended to manage adults who have been accused or convicted of crimes and juveniles who have been charged or found guilty of delinquency or a status offense. PAROLE is the supervised conditional release from prison. PROBATION is an alternative sentence o confinement that allows convicts to live in the community providing they obey the law. There are four reasons for the increasing prison population: o Increased fear of crime o Loss of confidence in our justice system o The belief that prison is the most effective response to crime o Disillusionment with positive treatment alternatives RETRIBUTION means that punishment must avenge or retaliate for harm done. RETRIBUTION gained a lot of popularity in the 1970s. In the 1990s, critics of the philosophy of retribution believed it had led to penal harm (violations of 8 th Amendment [cruel and unusual punishment]) Mandatory sentencing laws and restrictions on or abolition of discretionary parole has led to prison overcrowding. DETERRENCE assumes that certain and severe punishments can “discourage future crimes by the offender and others.” SPECIFIC DETERRENCE discourages that specific offender ***EXAMPLE—the death penalty*** 1
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GENERAL DETERRENCE discourages others from performing that crime ***EXAMPLE—speed limit signs*** January 15, 2008 CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION The current outlook on crime is punitive. As a nation, we are about punishment. The public and policymakers feel that leniency contributes to criminality. Adding to the panic is the inaccurate belief that we are experiencing a crime wave. Crime rates are actually decreasing rather than increasing. This fear of crime leads to more laws, which leads to more severe sentences. This means that more people will be behind bars leading to an overcrowding of our prison system. By the end of the 20 th Century, the United States was incarcerating people at a higher rate than any other nation in the world. In 2002, the cost of housing an inmate was $20,000-$50,000. CRIMINOLOGICAL THEORIES Why do people commit crimes? CRIMINOLOGY is the study of crime and criminals. DETERRENCE THEORY assumes that people are rational beings and are responsible for their own actions. This means that we all have choices and we weigh pleasure versus pain. Criminologists say that criminals do not care about the pain. They do what they want to do, when they want to do it and do not care about the consequences. DETERMINISM is the belief is the belief that external or internal forces beyond the individual’s control are the source of criminal behavior. This means that the criminal has no control over his or her actions. BIOLOGICAL DETERMINISM means that criminals are “born bad”.
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CRIM 3200 test 1 luckey - CRIM 3200 LUCKEY TEST 1 We...

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