Psychology ch. 6

Psychology ch. 6 - Cognition- mental processes that are...

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Episodic memory- memory that you experienced Semantic memory- memory of general knowledge Non-declarative memory- long-term memory of motor skills Declarative memory- long-term memory of facts and information Anterograde amnesia- inability to form long-term memory of events occurring after a brain injury Memory is a loop Long-term potentiation- an increase in the efficiency of neural transmissions at the synapse Memories related to emotions are more vivid and easily remembered Estrogen helps working memory Ebbinghaus studied forgetting Encoding failure- information is not put into long-term memory Decay theory- memories not used will fade with time and ultimately disappear Learning in the past interferes with learning in the future Consolidation failure- not enough REM sleep Retrograde amnesia- loss of memory for experiences that occurred shortly before a loss of consciousness Repression- removing unpleasant memories of war and things of that nature Suppression- putting things out of your mind so you don’t dwell on it
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Unformatted text preview: Cognition- mental processes that are involved in acquiring, storing, retrieving and using information Imagery- the representation in the mind of a sensory experience Representativeness Heuristics- the resemblance of a new situation to that of an older situations Framing- the way information is presented so as to emphasize either a potential gain or loss as the outcome. Algorithm- a systematic step-by-step procedure that guarantees a solutions to a given problem Psycholinguistics- the study of how language is produced and used Syntax- specifies the rules for arranging and combining words Humans are the only animal capable of speech Norms- How many correct each age group Standardization- norms for comparing score of people who take a test in the future and a set procedure for administration 70 IQ begins mental retardation The harder you work the luckier you get...
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Psychology ch. 6 - Cognition- mental processes that are...

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