GVPT170 exam 1 review

GVPT170 exam 1 review - Exam 1 Review 1. Discuss some of...

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Exam 1 Review 1. Discuss some of the basic values and assumptions of democratic government. Integrity of the individual, dignity and moral worth that everyone is obliged to respect Liberty freedom to seek his or her own purpose in life Privacy the right to be left alone in one’s thoughts and property Equality o Political equality right to vote and participate o Legal equality equality before the law o Social equality freedom from class or social barriers/ discrimination o Economic equality equality of opportunity, chance to develop Assumptions about human nature: People will look out for their own personal welfare because people are born selfish (Hobbes and Locke) Skepticism about absolutes absolute good/truth truth is relative, individuals can compromise No blind trust in the majority, respect for minority rights 2. Analyze the tension between majority rule and individual rights. How did the framers of the Constitution attempt to deal with this problem? Would it be a good idea today to broaden the scope of participation? Majority rule can sometimes leave out the minority and take away the minority’s individual rights The minority argues that their needs and issues are not being addressed Framers dealt with this problem by implementing popular consent if one does not vote then they are not consenting to be governed The Anti-federalists pressured congress to have a Bill of Rights in order to protect the individual rights and to ensure that the government cannot infringe upon those rights 3. Discuss three short-comings of the Articles of Confederation and how these problems were remedied in the Constitution. Articles of Confederation created a confederacy national gov’t got all of its power from the states where the national gov’t was weaker than the sum of its parts States considered themselves independent linked together only for limited purposes The only thing keeping the states unified was the Revolutionary War once that ended the unification fell apart no loyalty to nation only to state Articles did not allow taxation so it was hard to collect more money for war debts, no resource to back up currency so dollar was not valued Trade became chaotic
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No provision of an executive branch because of the fear of tyranny No judicial system No strong central gov’t Congress could not put together an army to put down Shay’s rebellion Constitution more centralized power with a judicial and exec. Branch Power distributed evenly among three branches Exec. Enforced law, legislative passed federal laws, declare war, approve treaties, judicial interpret laws and constitution 4. Discuss the Anti-Federalists. Who were they and what did they think about the proposed constitution? What were some of the arguments they made during the constitutional convention? Favored string state gov’ts and weak national gov’ts. Opposed ratification of
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GVPT170 exam 1 review - Exam 1 Review 1. Discuss some of...

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