Week_9_Guide - Psychology 1 Introduction to Psychology...

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Psychology 1 – Introduction to Psychology Winter Quarter, 2008 Reading Guide for Chapters 13.1-13.3, 13.5, 9: pp. 476-508, 518-527, Week 9 * This sheet is pretty comprehensive, but you’ll notice some terms missing as you read. I chose not to emphasize these topics however you are still responsible for them. 1. Chapter 13 – Social Psychology a. Prisoner’s dilemma i. In your own words – a situation where people have to choose between a cooperative act and a competitive act that will benefit you but hurt others. ii. Example – You rob a bank with someone. If both of you don’t confess, you get one year in prison. If one of you confesses and the other does not, the confessor goes free and the other gets 20 years. If both confess, you both get 5 years. The choice most people make is to confess, so it ends up being that both have to do 5 years. b. Diffusion of responsibility (Kitty Genovese) i. In your own words – We feel less responsible to help when other people are around and able to help. ii. Example – When there is an accident on the side of the road, many people will drive by if there are many cars around. c. Social loafing i. In your own words – We will ‘loaf’ [work less hard] when we are sharing work with other people. ii. Example –The desk attendants never clean the desk or the log because they think, ‘oh the next shift will do it’. d. Kohlberg’s view of moral development i. General principle in your own words We get our moral reasoning through a naturals\ process of stages. ii. Examples for each stage – 1. punishment and obedience orientation: you will be punished for doing something wrong and good things are things that are in your immediate self interest. 2. instrumental relativist orientation: it is good to help others because they will return the favor one day. 3. “good boy/nice girl” orientation: the right thing is what pleases others. Conform to what the public wants. 4. “Law and order” orientation: you should respect the law because it is the law. You should work to make the social order that enforces law stronger. 5. Social-contract legalistic orientation: The right thing is what people agree is the best thing for society. The majority of people can agree to change the rules. People have to keep promises. 6. Universal ethical principle orientation: it is ok to break the law if it is for a higher ethical principle. e. Problems with Kohlberg’s view i. In your own words – sometimes justice and reasoning conflict with each other. You might be told to shoot someone and you don’t shoot them [good justice] but if you would have hid the victim to prevent being shot by another person, that would have been more moral in terms of caring. People do not always do what they say they will do in hypothetical situations. f.
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course PSYCH 9999 taught by Professor Fridlund during the Winter '08 term at UCSB.

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Week_9_Guide - Psychology 1 Introduction to Psychology...

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