Week_4_Guide[2] memory

Week_4_Guide[2] memory - Psychology 1 Introduction to...

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Psychology 1 – Introduction to Psychology Winter Quarter, 2008 Reading Guide for Chapter 7 Week 4 Chapter 7 – Memory a. Ebbinghaus i. role – taught his subjects new material [nonsense syllables-GAK, JEK] so he knew exactly what they had learned. Then. He measured how much of it they remembered (memory) after measured time delays. b. serial order effect (primacy/recency) i. in your own words – The primacy effect says that you will remember the first items on the list well, and the recency effect says that you will remember that last items on the list very list. ii. example –If asked to memorize a long list of grocery items, you are most likely guaranteed to remember the first and last items on the list. c. types of memory i. implicit 1. in your own words – a memory that you are unaware of, which influences what you say or do. 2. example – You are having a conversation with someone and there is also a conversation going on between other people in the background. You think that you are completely ignoring their conversation, but a few words from their speech may creep into your conversation without you noticing. ii. explicit 1. in your own words – Memories that the person is aware of learning, and considers a part of their memory. [free recall, cued recall, recognition, and savings (relearning something you learned in the past) are ways to test explicit [direct] memory] 2. example – Multiple choice tests, naming all of the kids in your second grade class. iii. procedural 1. in your own words – memories of motor skills. 2. example – walking, talking. iv. declarative 1. in your own words – memories we can state in words. 2. example – I can tell you the story of my first date with Chris but I can’t really tell you, in words, how I ride a bicycle [without using gestures]. d. information processing model of memory-memory is like a computer: information is processed, coded, and stored. i.
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course PSYCH 9999 taught by Professor Fridlund during the Winter '08 term at UCSB.

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Week_4_Guide[2] memory - Psychology 1 Introduction to...

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