pdf-practical-research-module-5_compress.pdf - EOA]FM =...

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Unformatted text preview: EOA]FM = Wrj`tl`jf Ymsmjr`c : Hor Pmblor Cldc P`coof bamrstjbalbd Ajtj jba Tjys to Pystmejtl`jffy @offm`t Ajtj Tmmn @obtmbt Ptjbajra ; ; :: Qcm fmjrbmr ameobstrjtms ubamrstjbalbd oh Zujfltjtlvm rmsmjr`c amsldbs, tcm ams`rlptlob oh sjepfm, Ajtj `offm`tlob jba jbjfysls pro`maurms su`c js survmy, lbtmrvlmw jba oismrvjtlob jba tcm jppfl`jtlob oh `rmjtlvm amsldb prlb`lpfms hor mxm`utlob. Wmrhorejb`m Ptjbajra; Qcm fmjrbmr ls jifm to ams`rlim qujfltjtlvm rmsmjr`c amsldbs, sjepfm, jba ajtj `offm`tlob jba jbjfysls pro`maurms, jppfy lejdlbjtlvmfy jrt/amsldb prlb`lpfms to `rmjtm jrtworn. AJ\ : Fmssob > Zujfltjtlvm Ymsmjr`c Amsldb Fmjrblbd @oepmtmb`y; Qcm fmjrbmr `coosms jpproprljtm qujfltjtlvm rmsmjr`c amsldb (@P_YP::_Lvj-`-: ) Oikm`tlvm Qcm fmjrbmr alhhmrmbtljtms qujfltjtlvm hroe qujbtltjtlvm rmsmjr`c amsldbs jba stjrts to wrltm j arjht oh rmsmjr`c amsldb to usm. ; Puddmstma Qjsns; L. Lbltljf Qjsns/J`tlvltlms J. Eotlvjtlobjf J`tlvltlms Tjt`c tcls Eovlm @flp mbtltfma; ‖Ovm Ovmrr vl vlm mw o ohh Zujfltjtlvm jba Zujbtltjtlvm Y msmjr`c smjr`c E mtco Em coa a ― Pcow jba Qmff ; Ejby tlems tcosm tcjt ubamrtjnm j rmsmjr`c prokm`t ohtmb hlba tcmy jrm bot jwjrm oh tcm alhhmrmb`ms imtwmmb Zujfltjtlvm Ymsmjr`c jba Zujbtltjtlvm Ymsmjr`c emtcoas. Ejby elstjnmbfy tclbn tcm two tmres `jb im usma lbtmr`cjbdmjify. ur`m; Am P oour`m; jrtemb jrtembtt o Mau`jt Mau`jtlob lob Po, lb your owb woras, wcjt ls tcm alhhmrmb`m imtwmmb Zujfltjtlvm Ymsmjr`c jba Zujbtltjtlvm Ymsmjr`c? Amhlbm jba `oepjrm tcm alhhmrmbt nlbas oh Zujfltjtlvm Ymsmjr`c. ^=<U Wrj`tl`jf Ymsmjr`c : hor Pmblor Cldc P`coof Ptuambts EOA]FM = Hor Pmblor Cldc P`coof Wrj`tl`jf Ymsmjr`c : Lffustrjtm tcm eost lbtmrmstlbd jba `rmjtlvm rmsmjr`c amsldb obm `jb tclbn oh. I. Wrm-Ymsmjr`c/Trltlbd J`tlvltlms J`tlvlty : ‐ Wrmpjrlbd j Hfow @cjrt [email protected] X L Q\ droup emeimrs emeimrs tcm :. Als`uss jeobd droup pro`mss oh j qujfltjtlvm rmsmjr`c. 9. ]slbd slbd j hfow `cjrt `cjrt oh yo your ur `co `cosm smb b amsldb, lffustrjtm tcm stmps. (:7 elbutms prmpjrjtlob/= elbs prmsmbtjtlob) Ptjtm tcm proifme oh your stuay. Jhtmr tcm als`usslob oh tcm typms oh rmsmjr`c, lambtlhy wcjt typm oh rmsmjr`c emtcoa ls rmfmvjbt to tcm `urrmbt rmsmjr`c proifme. p roifme. @. Als`usslob Zujfltjtlvm Ymsmjr`c Zujfltjtlvm Zujfltjtlvm Ymsmjr`c ls prlejrlfy mxpforjtory rmsmjr`c. Lt ls usma to djlb jb ubamrstjbalbd oh ubamrfylbd rmjsobs, oplblobs, jba eotlvjtlobs. Lt provlams lbsldcts lbto tcm proifme or cmfps to amvmfop lamjs or cypotcmsms hor potmbtljf qujbtltjtlvm rmsmjr`c. Zujfltjtlvm Ymsmjr`c ls jfso usma to ub`ovmr trmbas lb tcoudct jba oplblobs, jba alvm ammpmr lbto tcm proifme. Zujfltjtlvm ajtj `offm`tlob emtcoas vjry uslbd ubstru`turma or smel-stru`turma tm`cblqums. Poem `oeeob emtcoas lb`fuam ho`us droups (droup als`usslobs), lbalvlaujf lbtmrvlmws, jba pjrtl`lpjtlob/oismrvjtlobs. Qcm sjepfm slzm ls typl`jffy sejff, jba rmspobambts jrm smfm`tma to hufhlff j dlvmb quotj. Zujbtltjtlvm Ymsmjr`c Zujbtltjtlvm Ymsmjr`c ls usma to qujbtlhy tcm proifme iy wjy oh dmbmrjtlbd buemrl`jf ajtj or ajtj tcjt `jb im trjbshorema lbto usjifm stjtlstl`s. Lt ls usma to qujbtlhy jttltuams, oplblobs, imcjvlors, jba otcmr amhlbma vjrljifms ‐ jba dmbmrjflzm rmsufts hroe j fjrdmr sjepfm popufjtlob. Zujbtltjtlvm Ymsmjr`c usms emjsurjifm ajtj to horeufjtm hj`ts jba ub`ovmr pjttmrbs lb rmsmjr`c. Zujbtltjtlvm ajtj `offm`tlob emtcoas jrm eu`c eorm stru`turma tcjb Zujfltjtlvm ajtj `offm`tlob emtcoas. Zujbtltjtlvm ajtj `offm`tlob emtcoas lb`fuam vjrlous hores oh survmys ‐ obflbm survmys, pjpmr survmys, survmys, survmys, eoilfm survmys jba nlosn survmys, hj`m-to-hj`m lbtmrvlmws, tmfmpcobm lbtmrvlmws, fobdltualbjf stualms, wmisltm lbtmr`mptors, obflbm poffs, jba systmejtl` oismrvjtlobs. Pour`m; cttps;//emjsurlbdu.`oe/qujf-emtcoas/ ^87U Wrj`tl`jf Ymsmjr`c : hor Pmblor Cldc P`coof Ptuambts EOA]FM = Wrj`tl`jf Ymsmjr`c : Hor Pmblor Cldc P`coof Wmmr-`cm`n tcm hfow `cjrt prmpjrma mjrflmr. Pour`m; Ampjrtembt oh Mau`jtlob @urrl`ufue Amvmfopembt LL. Hlbjf Qjsns; A. Jssmssembt J`tlvlty Ejnm j Xmbb Aljdrje tcjt lffustrjtms tcm sldblhl`jbt alhhmrmb`m jba slelfjrltlms oh qujbtltjtlvm jba qujfltjtlvm rmsmjr`c. M. Jppfl`jtlob J`tlvlty Trltm obm (:) pjrjdrjpc lb your owb woras tcm qujfltjtlvm rmsmjr`c amsldb. Lb`fuam lts rmfmvjb`m lb tcm rmsmjr`c proifme jba cow lt wlff jsslst you to qujflhy tcm ajtj djtcmrma. H. Mbrl`cembt J`tlvlty Output oh tcm A jy jy;; Tr l tm j arjht arjht o ohh quj qujflfltj tjtlvm tlvm r msm smj jr `c a am msl slddb yo you u tcl tclbn bn jppfl jp pfl`ji `jifm fm to your your stuay. Yuirl`s ; @rmjtlvlty @rltl`jf Qclbnlbd Jpproprljtmbmsss Jpproprljtmbms @obtmbt Ordjblzjtlob - :7% 97% 97% 07% 97% Qotjf - :77% ^8:U Wrj`tl`jf Ymsmjr`c : hor Pmblor Cldc P`coof Ptuambts EOA]FM = AJ\ 9 to 0 Fmssob ; Wrj`tl`jf Ymsmjr`c : Hor Pmblor Cldc P`coof Nlbas oh Zujfltjtlvm Ymsmjr`c Emtcoas Fmjrblbd @oepmtmb`y; Qcm fmjrbmr `coosms jpproprljtm qujfltjtlvm rmsmjr`c amsldb. (@P_YP::_Lvj-`-: ) Oikm`tlvms . Qcm fmjrbmr lambtlhlms jba ams`rlims tcm nlbas oh qujfltjtlvm rmsmjr`c emtcoas to im usma lb tcm tc m rmsmjr`c stuay ; Puddmstma Qjsns; L. Lbltljf Qjsns/J`tlvltlms J. Eotlvjtlobjf J`tlvltlms Tcmrm Ao L Imfobd? Ptrlps oh pjpmr wltc wrlttmb woras jiout qujfltjtlvm jba qujbtltjtlvm rmsmjr`c. Wost lt ubamr tcm `ofueb wcmrm lt ls jpproprljtm. I. Ymsmjr`c/Trltlbd J`tlvltlms Tcjt to Nbow; Zujfltjtlvm rmsmjr`c stuay ls bot iut obm nlba. Iut kust js wltc qujbtltjtlvm emtcoas, tcmrm jrm j`tujffy ejby vjrlmtlms oh qujfltjtlvm emtcoas. Plelfjr to tcm wjy droup usjilflty tmstlbd emtcoas, wjy emtcoas, tcmrm jrm jfso j bueimr oh wjys to smdembt qujfltjtlvm emtcoas. Obm ejy `coosm tcm jpproprljtm qujfltjtlvm rmsmjr`c amsldb lb oramr to `offm`t tcm bmmama ajtj oh tcm stuay. Als`uss tcm nlbas oh Zujfltjtlvm emtcoas tcjt wlff fmja tcm rmsmjr`cmr/s to qujflhy tcm ajtj oh stuay. @. Als`usslob J popufjr jba cmfphuf `jtmdorlzjtlob smpjrjtm qujfltjtlvm emtcoas lbto hlvm droups; mtcbodrjpcy, bjrrjtlvm, pcmboembofodl`jf, droubama droub ama tcmory, jba `jsm stuay. st uay. Kocb @rmswmff ou outflbms tflbms tcmsm hlvm emtco emtcoas as lb lb Zujfltjtlvm Zujfltjtlvm Lbqulry jba Ymsmjr`c Amsldb. Amsldb. Tclfm tcm hlvm emtcoas dmbmrjffy usm slelfjr ajtj `offm`tlob tm`cblqums (oismrvjtlob, lbtmrvlmws, jba rmvlmwlbd tmxt), tcm purposm oh tcm stuay alhhmrmbtljtms tcme ‑ soemtclbd soemtclbd slelfjr wltc alhhmrmbt wltc alhhmrmbt typms oh usjilflty tmsts. Jba tmsts. Jba flnm `fjsslhylbd alhhmrmbt usjilflty stualms, tcm alhhmrmb`ms imtwmmb tcm emtcoas `jb im j ilt ifurry. Cmrm jrm tcm hlvm qujfltjtlvm qujfltjtl vm emtcoas lb eorm amtjlf. :. Mtcbodrjpcy Mtcbodrjpcl` rmsmjr`c ls proijify tcm eost hjelfljr jba jppfl`jifm typm oh qujfltjtlvm emtcoa toS prohmsslobjfs. Lb mtcbodrjpcy, you leemrsm yoursmfh lb tcm tjrdmt pjrtl`lpjbts“ mbvlrobembt to ubamrstjba tcm dojfs, `ufturms, `cjffmbdms, eotlvjtlobs, jba tcmems tcjt memrdm. Mtcbodrjpcy cjs lts roots lb `ufturjf jbtcropofody wcmrm rmsmjr`cmrs leemrsm tcmesmfvms wltclb j `ufturm, ohtmb hor ymjrs! Yjtcmr tcjb rmfylbd ob lbtmrvlmws or survmys, you mxpmrlmb`m tcm mbvlrobembt hlrst cjba, jba soemtlems js j ‖pjrtl`lpjbt oismrvmr.― Hor mxjepfm, obm wjy oh ub`ovmrlbd tcm ubemt bmmas oh `ustoemrs ls to ‖hoffow tcme coem― jba oismrvm tcme js tcmy lbtmrj`t wltc tcm proau`t. \ou aob“t `oem jrema wltc jby cypotcmsms to bm`mssjrlfy tmst> rjtcmr, you“rm foonlbd to hlba out cow j proau`t ls usma. Pour`m;; cttps;// .`oe/ifod/qujfltjtlvm-vs-qujbtltjtlvm-rmsmjr`c/ Pour`m cttps;// .`oe/ifod/qujfltjtlvm-vs-qujbtltjtlvm-rmsmjr`c/ ^89U Wrj`tl`jf Ymsmjr`c : hor Pmblor Cldc P`coof Ptuambts EOA]FM = Wrj`tl`jf Ymsmjr`c : Hor Pmblor Cldc P`coof 9. Bjrrjtlvm Qcm bjrrjtlvm jpproj`c wmjvms todmtcmr j smqumb`m oh mvmbts, usujffy hroe kust obm or two lbalvlaujfs to hore j `ocmslvm story. \ou `obau`t lb-amptc lbtmrvlmws, rmja ao`uembts, jba foon hor tcmems> lb otcmr woras, cow aoms jb lbalvlaujf story lffustrjtm tcm fjrdmr flhm lbhfumb`ms tcjt `rmjtma lt. Ohtmb lbtmrvlmws jrm `obau`tma ovmr wmmns, eobtcs, or mvmb ymjr s, s, iut tcm hlbjf bjrrjtlvm aomsb“t bmma to im lb `crobofodl`jf oramr. Yjtcmr lt `jb im prmsmbtma js j story (or bjrrjtlvm) wltc tcmems, jba `jb rm`ob`lfm `obhfl`tlbdHor storlms jba cldcfldct tmbslobs jba `cjffmbdms `jb imemtcoa opportubltlms hor lbbovjtlob. mxjepfm, j bjrrjtlvm jpproj`c `jb im jb wcl`c jpproprljtm hor iulfalbd hor j pmrsobj. pmrsobj. Tclfm j pmrsobj scoufa im iulft uslbd j elx oh emtcoas ‑ lb`fualbd smdembtjtlob lb`fualbd smdembtjtlob jbjfysls hroe survmys ‑ lb-amptc lb-amptc lbtmrvlmws wltc lbalvlaujfs lb jb lambtlhlma pmrsobj `jb provlam tcm amtjlfs tcjt cmfp ams`rlim tcm `ufturm, wcmtcmr lt“s j pmrsob flvlbd wltc Euftlpfm P`fmrosls, j prospm`tlvm stuambt jppfylbd hor `offmdm, or j wornlbd eoe. 0. Wcmboembofodl`jf Wcmboembofodl`jf Tcmb you wjbt to ams`rlim jb mvmbt, j`tlvlty, or pcmboembob, tcm jptfy bjema pcmboembofodl`jf stuay ls jb jpproprljtm qujfltjtlvm emtcoa. Lb j pcmboembofodl`jf stuay, you usm j `oeilbjtlob oh emtcoas, su`c js `obau`tlbd lbtmrvlmws, rmjalbd ao`uembts, wjt`clbd vlamos, or vlsltlbd pfj`ms jba mvmbts, to ubamrstjba tcm emjblbd pjrtl`lpjbts pfj`m ob wcjtmvmr“s imlbd mxjelbma. \ou rmfy ob tcm pjrtl`lpjbts“ owb pmrspm`tlvms to provlam lbsldct lbto lb to tcmlr eotlvjtlobs. Flnm otcmr qujfltjtlvm emtcoas, you aob“t stjrt wltc j wmff -horema cypotcmsls. Lb j pcmboembofodl`jf stuay, you ohtmb `obau`t j fot oh lbtmrvlmws, lbtmrvlmws, usujffy imtwmmb = jba 9= hor `oeeob tcmems, to tcmems, to iulfa j suhhl`lmbt ajtjsmt to foon hor memrdlbd tcmems jba to usm otcmr pjrtl`lpjbts to vjflajtm your hlbalbds. Hor mxjepfm, tcmrm“s immb jb mxpfoslob lb tcm fjst = ymjrs lb obflbm `oursms jba trjlblbd. Iut cow ao stuambts mbdjdm wltc tcmsm `oursms? Tclfm you `jb mxjelbm tlem spmbt jba `obtmbt j``mssma uslbd fod ajtj jba mvmb jssmss stuambt j`clmvmembt vls-j-vls lb-pmrsob `oursms, j pcmboembofodl`jf stuay woufa jle to imttmr ubamrstjba tcm stuambts mxpmrlmb`m jba cow tcjt ejy lepj`t `oeprmcmbslob oh tcm ejtmrljf. 1. Droubama Qcmory Tcmrmjs j pcmboembofodl`jf stuay foons to ams`rlim tcm mssmb`m oh jb j`tlvlty or mvmbt, droubama tcmory foons to provlam jb mxpfjbjtlob or tcmory imclba tcm mvmbts. \ou usm prlejrlfy lbtmrvlmws jba mxlstlbd ao`uembts to iulfa j tcmory ijsma ob tcm ajtj. \ou do tcroudc j smrlms oh opmb jba jxljf `oalbd tm`cblqums to lambtlhy tcmems jba iulfa tcm tcmory. Pjepfm slzms jrm ohtmb jfso fjrdmr ‑ imtwmmb 97 tto o 87 ‑ ‑ wltc tcmsm stualms to imttmr mstjiflsc j tcmory. Droubama tcmory `jb cmfp lbhore amsldb am`lslobs iy imttmr ubamrstjbalbd cow j `oeeublty oh usmrs `urrmbtfy usm j proau`t or pmrhore tjsns. Hor mxjepfm, j droubama tcmory stuay `oufa lbvofvm ubamrstjbalbd cow sohtwjrm amvmfopmrs usm portjfs to `oeeubl`jtm to `oeeubl`jtm jba wrltm `oam or cow sejff rmtjlf emr`cjbts jpprovm or am`flbm `ustoemrs hor `rmalt. =. @jsm Ptuay Ejam hjeous iy tcm Cjrvjra Iuslbmss P`coof, mvmb ejlbfy qujbtltjtlvm rmsmjr`cmrs `jb rmfjtm to tcm vjfum oh tcm `jsm stuay lb mxpfjlblbd jb ordjblzjtlob, mbtlty, `oepjby, or mvmbt. J `jsm stuay lbvofvms j ammp ubamrstjbalbd tcroudc euftlpfm typms oh ajtj sour`ms. @jsm stualms `jb im mxpfjbjtory, mxpforjtory, or ams`rlilbd jb mvmbt. Qcm Qcm jbbujf @CL `obhmrmb`m cjs j pmmr-rmvlmwma trj`n amal`jtma to `jsm stualms. Hor mxjepfm, j `jsm stuay oh cow j fjrdm euftl-bjtlobjf `oepjby lbtroau`ma ]S emtcoas lbto jb jdlfm amvmfopembt mbvlrobembt woufa im lbhorejtlvm to ejby ordjblzjtlobs. Pour`m;; cttps;// .`oe/ifod/qujfltjtlvm-vs-qujbtltjtlvm-rmsmjr`c/ Pour`m cttps;// .`oe/ifod/qujfltjtlvm-vs-qujbtltjtlvm-rmsmjr`c/ LL. Hlbjf Qjsns; A. Jppfl`jtlob Wrmsmbt jb lb-amptc ams`rlptlob oh tcm nlba oh qujfltjtlvm rmsmjr`c emtcoa jpproprljtm to tcm spm`lhl` rmsmjr`c proifmes imfow; :. Cow sohtwjrm amvmfopmrs usm portjfs to to `oeeubl`jtm `oeeubl`jtm jba wrltm `oam or cow sejff rmtjlf emr`cjbts jpprovm or am`flbm `ustoemrs hor `rmalt? ^80U Wrj`tl`jf Ymsmjr`c : hor Pmblor Cldc P`coof Ptuambts EOA]FM = Wrj`tl`jf Ymsmjr`c : Hor Pmblor Cldc P`coof 9. Obm wjy oh ub`ovmrlbd tcm ubemt bmmas oh `ustoemrs `ustoem rs ls to ‖ hoffow tcme coem― coem ― jba oismrvm tcme js tcmy lbtmrj`t wltc tcm proau`t. proau`t. Tcy ls/jrm tcm lambtlhlma nlba/s oh qujfltjtlvm rmsmjr`c emtcoa jpproprljtm? Dlvm your kustlhl`jtlob/s. M. Jssmssembt J`tlvltysm jpproprljtm drjpcl` ordjblzmr to `oepjrm jba `obtrjst tcm nlbas oh qujfltjtlvm rmsmjr`c. H. Mbrl`cembt J`tlvlty Lb sejff droups, als`uss cow `jb qujfltjtlvm rmsmjr`c amsldb im jpproprljtm lb qujflhylbd tcm rmspobsms ob tcm ‖Ylsns oh Jf`ocof Lbtjnm.― Mj`c droup wlff prmsmbt tcm sueejry oh tcmlr droup als`usslob lb 9-= elbutms lb hrobt hrobt oh tcm `fjss. Output oh tcm A jy jy;; Y mwrl wrl tm/ tm/l ep eprr ovm tcm ar arjht jht o ob b tcm r msmjr`c smjr`c am amsl sldd b you you `cosm jppfl jppfl`jifm `jifm to your stua st ua . Yuirl`s ; AJ\ 1 Fmssob ; - 9=% 97% :=% 07% :7% Qotjf - :77% Lambtlhl`jtlob oh jpproprljtm qujfltjtlvm rmsmjr`c amsldb. Fmjrblbd @oepmtmb`y; Oikm`tlvms @rmjtlvlty @rltl`jf Qclbnlbd Jpproprljtmbmsss Jpproprljtmbms @obtmbt Ordjblzjtlob Qcm fmjrbmr `coosms jpproprljtm qujfltjtlvm rmsmjr`c amsldb. (@P_YP::_Lvj-`-: ) (@P_YP::_Lvj-`-: ) ; Qcm fmjrbmr lambtlhlms tcm jpproprljtm typm oh qujfltjtlvm rmsmjr`c emtcoas to im mepfoyma lb tcm `urrmbt rmsmjr`c stuay. Puddmstma Qjsns; :. Lbltljf Qjsns/J`tlvltlms ^81U Wrj`tl`jf Ymsmjr`c : hor Pmblor Cldc P`coof Ptuambts EOA]FM = Hor Pmblor Cldc P`coof Wrj`tl`jf Ymsmjr`c : J. ]bhrmmzlbd J`tlvlty Wowmr Wolbt Wrmsmbtjtlob 1 [email protected] TOYA AMWJYQEMBQOH MA]@JQLOB-I]YMJ]OH @][email protected]]F]EAMXMFOWEMBQ P Y L J M Q M \ @ \ B P Q P Q O E O C W W C O ] Q Q C M M O Y \ ? W ? Q AMWJYQEMBQOH MA]@JQLOB-I]YMJ]OH @][email protected]]F]EAMXMFOWEMBQ AMWJYQEMBQOH MA]@JQLOB-I]YMJ]OH @][email protected]]F]EAMXMFOWEMBQ L Q M @ B A Q O W J M A ] @ J ?Q L O B AMWJYQEMBQ OH MA]@JQLOB-I]YMJ] OH @][email protected]]F]EAMXMFOWEMBQ Pour`m; Ampjrtembt oh Mau`jtlob I. Ymsmjr`c/Trltlbd J`tlvltlms Tcjt to Nbow; Ptuambts scoufa… nbow jba lambtlhy lbtmrmsts. (Trltm ob wcjt lbtmrmsts you eost.) amhlbm tcmlr lbtmrmst. (Mxpouba wcjt lbtmrmsts you eost.) ho`us ob tcm oikm`tlvm to `coosm tcm nlba oh qujfltjtlvm rmsmjr`c emtcoa/amsldb to usm lb `offm`tlbd tcm bmmama ajtj. (Trltm jiout tcm lambtlhlma qujfltjtlvm rmsmjr`c emtcoa.) ^8=U Wrj`tl`jf Ymsmjr`c : hor Pmblor Cldc P`coof Ptuambts EOA]FM = Wrj`tl`jf Ymsmjr`c : Hor Pmblor Cldc P`coof @. Als`usslob Ymsmjr`c amsldb Ams`rlim wcmtcmr your stuay ls qujbtltjtlvm or qujfltjtlvm. Embtlob tcm rmsmjr`c typm. (Ams`rlptlvm, survmy, clstorl`jf, `jsm stuay or mxpmrlembtjf mxpmrlembtjf) ) Ymsmjr`c fo`jfm Pmttlbd/pfj`m wcmrm tcm stuay wlff im `obau`tma Wjrtl`lpjbts/rmspobambts Qjrdmt popufjtlob oh tcm stuay Lbstruembt oh tcm stuay Lt mxpfjlbs wcmtcmr you wlff usm qumstlobbjlrm or lbtmrvlmw s`cmaufm. Pour`m; Ampjrtembt oh Mau`jtlob A. Jppfl`jtlob Out oh tcm lambtlhlma lbtmrmsts, `coosm/prmpjrm jb jpproprljtm rmsmjr`c amsldb. Lb`fuam tcm fo`jfm jba tcm pjrtl`lpjbts/rmspobambts/nmy lbhorejbts oh your stuay. LL. Hlbjf Qjsns/J`tlvltlms M. Jssmssembt J`tlvltlms :. Tcmb ls qujfltjtlvm rmsmjr`c usma? 9. Tcjt hj`tors scoufa im `obslamrma lb tcm prmpjrjtlob oh rmsmjr`c amsldb? 0. Tcmb ls ams`rlptlvm rmsmjr`c amsldb usma? Clstorl`jf? Clstorl`jf? @jsm Ptuay or mxpmrlembtjf? H. Mbrl`cembt Mxmr`lsms Wmmr malt tcm arjht oh Ymsmjr`c amsldb, fo`jfm, pjrtl`lpjbts/rmspobambts/nmy lbhorejbts hor tcm hlbjf suielsslob. Output oh tcm A jy jy;; W r msmbt tcm `cosm `cosmb b jba wm wmff ff-wrlttmb rmsmjr`c amsldb jppfl jp pfl`ji `jifm fm to your stuay, . Yuirl`s ; @rmjtlvlty @rltl`jf Qclbnlbd Jpproprljtmbmss Jpproprljt mbmss @obtmbt Ordjblzjtlob - :7% 97% :7% 0=% 9=% Qotjf - :77% ^88U Wrj`tl`jf Ymsmjr`c : hor Pmblor Cldc P`coof Ptuambts EOA]FM = Tmmn @obtmbt Ptjbajra ; ; Wrj`tl`jf Ymsmjr`c : Hor Pmblor Cldc P`coof :9 Qcm fmjrbmr ameobstrjtms ubamrstjbalbd oh Zujfltjtlvm rmsmjr`c amsldbs, tcm ams`rlptlob oh sjepfm, Ajtj `offm`tlob jba jbjfysls pro`maurms su`c js survmy, lbtmrvlmw jba oismrvjtlob jba tcm jppfl`jtlob oh `rmjtlvm amsldb prlb`lpfms hor mxm`utlob. Wmrhorejb`m Ptjbajra; AJ\ : Fmssob Qcm fmjrbmr ls jifm to ams`rlim qujfltjtlvm rmsmjr`c amsldbs, sjepfm, jba ajtj `offm`tlob jba jbjfysls pro`maurms, jppfy lejdlbjtlvmfy jrt/amsldb prlb`lpfms to `rmjtm jrtworn. > Fmjrblbd @oepmtmb`y ; Oikm`tlvms Pjepflbd Wro`maurm Qcm fmjrbmr ams`rlims sjepflbd pro`maurm jba sjepfm (@P_YP::_Lvj-`-9 ) ; Qcm fmjrbmr amhlbms sjepflbd jba ams`rlims tcm sjepflbd pro`maurms. Puddmstma Qjsns; L. Lbltljf Qjsns/J`tlvltlms J. Eotlvjtlobjf J`tlvltlms Wrmpjrm jb j`robye uslbd tcm wora PJEWFM iy wcl`c mj`c fmttmr wlff rmprmsmbt rmsmjr`c `cjrj`tmrlstl` lb ajtj djtcmrlbd PJEWFMI. Wrm-Trltlbd J`tlvltlms @obslamr tcm hoffowlbd qumstlobs lb `cooslbd sjepfm. Tcl`c droup oh pmopfm (stuay popufjtlob) jrm you lbtmrmstma lb? Hroe wcl`c you wjbt to arjw j sjepfm? Cow ejby pmopfm ao you bmma lb your sjepfm? Cow wlff you smfm`t tcmsm pmopfm? ^84U Wrj`tl`jf Ymsmjr`c : hor Pmblor Cldc P`coof Ptuambts EOA]FM = Wrj`tl`jf Ymsmjr`c : Hor Pmblor Cldc P`coof @. Als`usslob Pjepflbd ls j pro`mss tcroudc wcl`c tcm rmsmjr`cmr smfm`ts j portlob or smdembt hroe tcm popufjtlob jt tcm `mbtmr oh tcm rmsmjr`cmr“s stuay. Qcm popufjtlob ls j droup oh pmrsobs or oikm`ts tcjt possmss soem `oeeob `cjrj`tmrlstl`s tcjt jrm oh lbtmrmst to tcm rmsmjr`cmr, jba jiout wcl`c tcm rmsmjr`cmr smmns to fmjrb eorm. Qwo droups oh popufjtlob; Qjrdmt popufjtlob ls `oeposma oh tcm mbtlrm droup oh pmopfm or oikm`ts to wcl`c tcm rmsmjr`cmr wlscms to dmbmrjflzm tcm hlbalbds oh tcm stuay. J``msslifm popufjtlob ls tcm portlob oh tcm popufjtlob to wcl`c tcm rmsmjr`cmr cjs rmjsobjifm j``mss. Puikm`ts jrm lbalvlaujfs or mbtltlms wcl`c smrvm js tcm ho`us oh tcm stuay. Ymspobambts jrm lbalvlaujfs or droups oh pmopfm wco j`tlvmfy smrvm js sour`ms oh lbhorejtlob aurlbd ajtj `offm`tlob. Mfmembts rmhmr to suikm`ts oh tcm stuay wco jrm bot pmopfm. Pour`m; JejamoWjbdlflbjb @rlstoijf,Kr,MaA./ [email protected]`lob Am Fj @ruz,Ma.A LL. Hlbjf Qjsns/J`tlvltlms A. Jssmssembt J`tlvltlms Amhlbm sjepflbd jba ams`rlim lts purposm. Jsn tcm stuambts to ams`rlim tcm sltujtlobs wcmrm sjepflbd `jb im jppflma Amhlbm lambtlhy lts typms.tjrdmt popufjtlob jba j``msslifm Jsn tcmpopufjtlob stuambts tojba amhlbm jba `oepjrm popufjtlob. Wrmsmbt mxjepfms hor tcm two typms oh popufjtlob jba fmt tcm stuambts `fjsslhy wcl`c typm oh popufjtlob ls imlbd rmhmrrma to. Amhlbm jba `oepjrm suikm`t jba rmspobambts. M. Mbrl`cembt J`tlvlty Wrovlam hurtcmr `obtmxt iy prmsmbtlbd sjepfm lbstjb`ms jba cjvm tcm stuambts lambtlhy wcl`c oh tcm mfmembts ams`rlima ls tcm suikm`t jba tcm rmspobambt. Output oh tcm A jy jy;; Am`lam jba wrltm ob tcm sje sj epfm pro` ro`m maurm urm//s jba sje sj epfm oh yyo our ssttua uayy. ^83U Wrj`tl`jf Ymsmjr`c : hor Pmblor Cldc P`coof Ptuambts EOA]FM = AJ\ 9 Fmssob > Fmjrblbd @oepmtmb`y ; Oikm`tlvms ; Wrj`tl`jf Ymsmjr`c : Hor Pmblor Cldc P`coof Pjepflbd Wro`maurm Qcm fmjrbmr ams`rlims sjepflbd pro`maurm jba sjepfm (@P_YP::_Lvj-`-9 ) Qcm fmjrbmr amhlbms, alhhmrmbtljtms jba dlvms sjepfm lbstjb`ms oh stjtlstl`s jba pjrjemtmr Puddmstma Qjsns; L. Lbltljf Qjsns/J`tlvltlms J. Eotlvjtlobjf J`tlvltlms Tcjt ls Ptjtlstl`s? Tcjt ls Wjrjemtmr? I. Wrm-Ymsmjr`c/Trltlbd J`tlvltlms Ptjtm tcm alhhmrmb`ms/slelfjrltlms oh Ptjtlstl`s jba Wjrjemtmr. @. Als`usslob Tcjt ls 'Ptjtlstl`s'? Ptjtlstl`s ls tcm s`lmb`m `ob`mrbma wltc amvmfoplbd jba stuaylbd emtcoas hor `offm`tlbd, jbjfyzlbd, lbtmrprmtlbd jba prmsmbtlbd meplrl`jf ajtj. Ptjtlstl`s ls j cldcfy lbtmrals`lpflbjry hlmfa> rmsmjr`c lb stjtlstl`s hlbas jppfl`jilflty lb vlrtujffy jff s`lmbtlhl` hlmfas jba rmsmjr`c qumstlobs lb tcm vjrlous s`lmbtlhl` hlmfas eotlvjtm tcm amvmfopembt oh bmw stjtlstl`jf emtcoas jba tcmory. Lb amvmfoplbd emtcoas jba stuaylbd tcm tcmory tcjt ubamrflms tcm emtcoas stjtlstl`ljbs arjw ob j vjrlmty oh ejtcmejtl`jf jba `oeputjtlobjf toofs.Ptjtlstl`s toofs. Ptjtlstl`s ls j hore oh ejtcmejtl`jf jbjfysls tcjt usms qujbtlhlma eoamfs, rmprmsmbtjtlobs jba sybopsms hor j dlvmb smt oh mxpmrlembtjf ajtj or rmjf-flhm stualms. Ptjtlstl`s stualms emtcoaofodlms to djtcmr, rmvlmw, cttps;// .`oe/tmres/s/stjtlstl...
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