Chapter5notes - Abnormal Psychology Exam 2 Study Guide...

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Abnormal Psychology Exam 2 Study Guide Chapter 5: Anxiety Disorders Case Report: Barbara Wilder The Nature of Anxiety Disorders *Experience of physiological arousal, apprehension or feelings of dread, hypervigilance, avoidance, and sometimes a specific fear or phobia Panic Disorder Characteristics of Panic Disorder *Frequent and recurrent panic attacks – intense sensations of fear and discomfort *Often found in association with agoraphobia, the fear of being trapped or unable to escape if a panic attack occurs Theories and Treatment of Panic Disorder and Agoraphobia *Theories: -Biological and Cognitive-Behavioral Perspectives – an acquired “fear of fear”, in which individual becomes hypersensitive to early signs of panic attack, and fear of full-blown attack leads individual to become unduly apprehensive and avoidant of another attack *Treatment: -Cognitive-Behavioral Perspectives – relaxation training and in vivo or imaginal flooding to break negative cycle initiated by individual’s fear of having a panic attack -Biological Perspective – antianxiety and antidepressant medications Specific Phobias Characteristics of Specific Phobias
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