alcoholstudyguide - Nutrition 130 Alcohol Study Guide...

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Nutrition 130 Alcohol Study Guide Alcohol (pages 238 – 247) *Acetaldehyde – an intermediate in alcohol metabolism *Alcohol – a class of organic compounds containing hydroxyl (OH) groups *Binge Drinking – 4 drinks in a row – women; 5 drinks in a row – men *Cirrhosis – advanced liver disease in which liver cells turn orange, die, and harden, permanently losing their function; often associated with alcoholism -cirrhos = an orange *Congenital *Esophagitis *Ethanol – a particular type of alcohol found in beer, wine, and distilled liquor; also called Ethyl Alcohol. Ethanol is the most widely used – and abused – drug in our society. It is also the only legal, nonprescription drug that produces euphoria *Fatty Liver – an early stage of liver deterioration seen in several diseases, including kwashiorkor and alcoholic liver disease. Fatty liver is characterized by an accumulation of fat in the liver cells *Fetal Alcohol Syndrome – Congenital defects: mental retardation; heart, eye, genitourinary tract abnormalities; low birth weight Facial Features Associated with Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (see slide 26) *Fibrosis – an intermediate stage of liver deterioration seen in several diseases, including viral hepatitis
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course NUTRITION 100 taught by Professor Mangels during the Spring '08 term at UMass (Amherst).

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alcoholstudyguide - Nutrition 130 Alcohol Study Guide...

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