Psychology Outline

Psychology Outline - THE HISTORY OF PSYCHOLOGY I. How Do We...

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THE HISTORY OF PSYCHOLOGY I. How Do We Define Psychology? Psychology is the scientific study of human behavior. The primary aim of psychology is to predict and control behavior. Controversial Issue #1: Should Animals be Used in Psychological Research? Yes: Animals have been considered to be the tools of scientists and researchers. Animals have played a pivotal role in improving the human condition and in return, society should strive to treat them well. Using this type of research has played an extremely important role in improving the human and animal condition. There are elaborate federal regulations and professional guidelines that protect animal. Society has made the collective judgment that the benefits derived from animal research far outweigh the costs. No: People who give basic rights to humans, deny them to animals. Who is to judge? Many species aren’t covered by The Animal Welfare Act. The benefits of animal research are uncertain. We simply don’t know what the outcome may be. The cost of the animal is real, usually death. A. What is our behavior a product of? -physiological/biological aspects (heredity and genetics) -intrapsychic -social/behavioral -experiences -social interactions II. The 4 Viewpoints of Psychology A. Physiological/biological viewpoint -body controls your mind -dispositional factors B. Intrapsychic viewpoint -your mind controls your body -was believed by Freud C. Social/behavioral viewpoint -situational factors -Dr. Leon Festinger
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D. Holistic Viewpoint (all three factors) -physiological/biological -intrapsychic -social/behavioral III. The Science Of Psychology A. Philosophy—The roots of modern psychology -St. Augustine and Introspection(description of one’s own conscious mental processes) -Descartes -Leibnitz -Locke -Hume -19 th B. The evolution of two major approaches to the study of behavior 1.Association Psychology 2.Faculty Psychology -Franz Gall & Phrenology =>dealing with bumps on the head , they only classified mental abilities C. The founding of modern experimental psychology -In 1879, Wilhelm Wundt establishes the first experimental psychology laboratory in Lepzig, Germany 1.Wilhelm Wundt -quantification , first person to quantify behavior -he assigned #’s (or reaction time) to a stimulus change D. Other roots of contemporary psychology
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IV. Basic vs. Applied Psychology A. Basic Science -Basic research: Knowledge that is acquired for its own sake to satisfy a basic curiosity. The immediate usefulness of that information is not considered. Example 1: Child Development Research based on an 8 month year old child to find toys that will stimulate a child’s learning at an early age. For example, they find that the child responds to red, 6 sided objects. This study is based on curiosity. B. Applied Science
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Psychology Outline - THE HISTORY OF PSYCHOLOGY I. How Do We...

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