CH 105 Notes Chapter 10

CH 105 Notes Chapter 10 - Chapter 10: INTRO: Page 304...

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Chapter 10: INTRO: Page 304 Organic Chemistry is the study of carbon containing compounds. Study of molecules made with this single element It was thought that a vital force, available only in living cells, was needed How Chemistry came to be Wohler he a solution of the two salts and crystallized a product. But the product didn’t look like ammonium cyante. It was a white crystalline material that looked exactly like Urea . Wohler was the first person to synthesize an organic compound from inorganic. Page 305 10.1 CHEMISTRY OF CARBON: Number of compounds is almost limitless and can be arranged limitlessly. Why are there so many organic Compounds? 1. Carbon can form stable, covalent bonds with other carbon atoms 2. Can form stable bonds with other elements 3. Carbon can form double or triple bonds with other carbon atoms to produce a variety of organic molecules with vary different properties. Bond to things like oxygen, nitrogen, sulfur, or halogens. Refer to page 305 on allotropic forms: graphite (excellent lubricant), Diamond (hard substance), and Buckminsterfullerence (Bucky Ball) models. Isomer – Two organic compounds may even have the same number and kinds of atoms but completely different structures and thus different structures and different structure and thus different properties. Page 306 IMPORTANT DIFFERENCES BETWEEN ORGANIC AND INORAGNIC COMPOUNDS: Bond between carbon and another atom are almost covalent bonds. Bonds between inorganic compounds are ionic bonds. Refer to chart: compares organic and inorganic!!! Page 308 FAMILIES OF ORGANIC COMPOUNDS: Divided into hydrocarbons and substituted hydrocarbons Hydrocarbon – molecules contains only carbon and hydrogen o Cyclic o Subdivided into aliphatic and aromatic Aliphatic- alkanes, cycloalkanes, alkenes, and alkynes Alkanes – saturated hydrocarbons (carbon-carbon single bond. Alkenes (double) and alkynes (Triple)- are unsaturated hydrocarbons Cyclohexane – produce a ring Aromatic hydrocarbons – contain a benzene ring o Chart on page 308 Substituted hydrocarbon – one in which one or more hydrogen atoms is replaced by another atom or groups of atoms. Functional group –
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course CH 105 taught by Professor Schiner during the Spring '08 term at Alabama.

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CH 105 Notes Chapter 10 - Chapter 10: INTRO: Page 304...

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