Mid-term Essay - Paper

Mid-term Essay - Paper - Mid-term Essay, Plato Dr. Mark...

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Mid-term Essay, Plato John Luff Dr. Mark Holowchak 3/27/08 Mid-term Essay: Plato, Philebus In Plato’s play, Philebus characters Socrates, Protarchus and occasionally Philebus are constantly philosophizing on the philosophy of pleasure. In their discussions many ideas are being thrown around and many times thrown out if they do not directly pertain to their discussion. It is through this expanding and contraction process that these three men are able to reformulate and refine their philosophies. The section 30d to 36c is one of the reformulating and refining periods in which Plato presents two restoration models of pleasure. First Plato introduces the restoration model of pleasure concerning the body and slowly he fades into the restoration model of pleasure pertaining to the soul. During his examination of the latter of the two restoration models Plato realizes that this model has no need for pains. Also during this time Plato scrutinizes the thought that pleasure may be a candidate for the good, only to return to his original resolution – that it is not a candidate for the good. Plato sets up his restoration models of pleasure in 31a to 31b by first wrapping up the previous discussion between Socrates and Protarchus’ with the notion that “pleasure itself is unlimited and belongs to the kind that in and by itself neither possess a beginning, middle, or end.” (31a). By wrapping up the previous section in this manner it gets the reader thinking about the philosophy behind pleasure in the play. As Plato begins his examination of pleasure he wastes no time pairing it with pain… a common theme throughout the play. As the discussion on pleasure and pain unfolds Plato reveals the idea that pleasure and pain not only arises together, but they arise together in the “common kind” or the area after the unlimited and limited an area of health and harmony. (31c). Plato supports this perception by stating that disrupting harmony will cause pain and the restoration of harmony will bring pleasure. At this point Plato begins his transition into the second restoration model. He sets the transition in motion by 1
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Mid-term Essay - Paper - Mid-term Essay, Plato Dr. Mark...

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