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study guide outline - The Construction of Arabs as Enemies:...

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The Construction of Arabs as Enemies: Post 9-11 Discourse of GWB 1) GWB’s rhetoric post-9/11 praises “courage and bravery” and “puts a face on terror (and it is Arab) by employing words and expressions such as “them,” “they,” “evil,” “those people,” “demons,” and “wanted: dead or alive” to characterize people of Arab/Middle-Eastern decent.” a) Meant to apply to non-U.S. citizens but unwittingly includes the roughly 3 million Arabs living in the U.S. b) Sustained stereotypes of Arabs in American culture created by popular culture and mass media i) “monolithic evil Arab;” “constructs all Muslims as Arabs, and all Arabs as terrorists” c) model: Spillman and Spillman’s 1997 model of enemy image construction i) “feelings and reactions to enmity can be described as a syndrome, one that draws on historically constructed foundation from which…enemy images emerge.” ii) “Extraction of an enemy image reinforces ancient ideological dichotomies of good v. evil and us v. them” iii) “Over time, an “enemy image,” defined as a “culturally influenced, very negative and stereotyped evaluation of the ‘other’” is reinforced and
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study guide outline - The Construction of Arabs as Enemies:...

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