GHIST 150 (Fall 11) Second Exam Study Guide Global Society Ch. 3: Turkey (pp. 103-04) Germany's colonies got broken up and ruled by different rulers of the allied powers. They were called league of nation mandates. This would eventually give power back to countries, but never ended up giving exact date. War stimulated nationalist feeling around minorities in Ottoman Empire. This provoked a strong Turkish consciousness. A revolt against ottoman rule in the south supported by Britain set Muslim Arab against Muslim Turk. Armenians were under suspicion because of their Christian religion. Riots between Greek and turkey broke out and millions of Armenians were killed. Charismatic Turk officer Mustafa Kemal drew on the popular nationalism with his flowers and ejected the ally powers. Established Turkish control over Anatolia and reformed the government. Interested in Turk’s education, and equal rights. Adopted name Ataturk or father of the Turks. This suppressed minorities however. Ch. 5: Soviet Russia under Stalinism five year plan. Few resources after WW1. Peasants were limited the amount of food they could eat and resources they could have. State seized peasant land. Countless die from starvation because of this. Stalin’s labor camps swallowed millions such as individuals deemed unreliable and other innocent people. They worked on public labor projects like the Moscow subway. Shipped to north Siberia to lay rail. Did make Russia’s economy grow and Russia was able to conceal what was happening in these labor camps with advertisement. Stalin put innocent people in prison just for the main purpose of scaring the rest of his people. He assassinated many of his rivals and competitors. Ch. 6: Interwar Japanese Economy ; had family led industrial conglomerates called zaibatsu which combined ownership of banks, trading firms, mines etc. They had a lot of power in Asian market. The Japanese economy was growing very fast in the 1920’s. Depression hit Japan hard. They relied on export earnings to pay for raw materials. The government tried to save the economy buy returning to the gold standard. It was the worst time to do this because it was right when the market crashed. Terrorists were killing public officials who were thought to be the cause of the poverty. Japan started to re-arm its military to make industrial jobs to try and boost the economy. Japan also depressed workers wages, which was hard on Japan’s citizens.
- Fall '08
- World War II, japan, Communist party, Nationalist Party