Chapter 3 - Chapter 3 The Civilization of the Greeks I....

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-1 Chapter 3 The Civilization of the Greeks I. Early Greece *isolated b/c of mountains causing internal warfare between city states * Greeks became seafarers b/c of sea locations near Greece * the way Greece was formed led to where cities were (island=city, pennisula= city) A. Minoan Crete * earliest civilization emerged on Crete * reached its height between 2000-1450 B.C * fell abruptly in 1450 B.C. due to either tsunami caused by volcanic eruption or by the invasion and pillage by mainland Greeks known as the Mycenaeans B. The First Greek State: The Mycenaeans * flourished between 1400-1200 B.C. * warrior people who prided themselves in battle * Homer wrote about them (sacked Troy) * 1100 B.C. Mycenaen culture coming to an end II. The Greeks in a Dark Age * 1100-750 B.C. - food production dropped and population declined * many left and migrated to Asia Minor and became known as Ionians * Aeolian Greeks- northern and central Greece - colonized Lesbos and adjacent territory of the mainland * Dorians- south western Greece esp. in Peloponnesus and Crete * saw revival of trade and economic activity other than agriculture A. Homer * Iliad and Odyssey- first great epic poems of early Greece *Iliad- Trojan War -Achilles *Odyssey- recounts journeys of one of the Greek heroes Odysseus III. The World of the Greek City-States *750-500 B.C. * evolution of polis and Greeks colonization of the Mediterranean and Black Seas
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course HIST 102h taught by Professor Self during the Fall '08 term at Old Dominion.

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Chapter 3 - Chapter 3 The Civilization of the Greeks I....

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