chapter 11 - Chapter 11 The Late Middle Ages: Crisis and...

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-1 Chapter 11 The Late Middle Ages: Crisis and Disintegration in the 14 th Century I. A Time of Trouble: Black Death and Social Crisis A. The Black Death * ravaged Europe’s population and caused economic, social, political and cultural upheaval * Bubonic plague- spread by black rats infested with fleas who were host to a deadly bacterium - symptoms: high fever, aching joints, swelling of the lymph nodes, dark blotches beneath the skin - least toxic form of the Black Plague but killed 50-60% of its victims * pneumonic plague- bacterial infection spread to the lungs -symptoms: severe coughing, bloody sputum; spread easily * plague reached Europe in 1347 when Genoese merchants brought it to Sicily - Italy lost 50-60% of their population * European population declined 25-50% between 1347 and 1351 *LIFE AND DEATH REACTIONS TO THE PLAGUE - some believed God sent the plague as punishment or the devil sent it - flagellants- journeyed beating themselves with whips - began to kill Jews and clergy who opposed them and were destroyed in 1350 - Jews blamed for plague also - after plague violence more relevant and violent deaths also became obsessed with death B. Economic Dislocation and Social Upheaval * serious labor shortage resulted in a dramatic rise in the price of labor
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chapter 11 - Chapter 11 The Late Middle Ages: Crisis and...

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