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Chapter 16 - Chapter 16 Toward a New Heaven and a New Earth...

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-1Chapter 16 Toward a New Heaven and a New Earth: The Scientific Revolution and the Emergence of Modern Science I. Background to the Scientific Revolution * Scientific activity present during the Middle Ages - Painters observed nature and used geometry in their works - mathematics stimulated - Hermetic magic II. Toward a New Heaven: A Revolution in Astronomy A. Copernicus * On the Revolutions of the Heavenly Spheres * heliocentric model of the universe * theory had little immediate impact…led to other scholars beliefs B. Kepler * astrologer * believed the universe was constructed on the basis of geometric figures * laws of planetary motion -1: orbits of the planet around the sun were elliptical with the sun at one focus of the ellipse C. Galileo * first to make observations by means of telescope * founded mountains on the moon, four moons of Jupiter, phases of venous, sunspots * The Starry Messenger -1610 stated that the universe was composed of a similar substance to that on earth * condemned by the catholic church D. Newton *
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