Chapter 17 - Chapter 17 The Eighteenth Century: An Age of...

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-1Chapter 17 The Eighteenth Century: An Age of Enlightenment I. The Enlightenment A. The Paths of Enlightenment *Bernard de Fontenelle - Plurality of Worlds - used a discussion between a lady aristocrat and her lover to present a detailed account of the new mechanistic universe a. A New Skepticism - skepticism about religion and a growing secularization of thought were important factors in the emergence of the enlightenment b. The Impact of Travel Literature - books giving account of many different cultures published - James Cook - “noble savage” c. The Legacy of Locke and Newton - people believed that Newton’s rules would lead to discovering the natural laws that governed politics, economics, justice, religion and the arts - Essay Concerning Human Understanding - John Locke - believed everyone was born with a blank mind B. The Philosophes and Their Ideas * intellectuals known as philosophes (French for philosophers) - many were not philosophers: literary people, professors, journalists, statesmen, economists, political scientists, social reformers *Paris was capital of the Enlightenment
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course HIST 102h taught by Professor Self during the Fall '08 term at Old Dominion.

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Chapter 17 - Chapter 17 The Eighteenth Century: An Age of...

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