Chapter 19 - Chapter 19 Revolutionary Politics The Era of the French Revolution and Napoleon I Start of a Revolutionary Era The American Revolution

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-1Chapter 19 Revolutionary Politics: The Era of the French Revolution and Napoleon I. Start of a Revolutionary Era: The American Revolution * Colonies success was due to support of foreign countries - French: supplied arms and money; French officers and soldiers to the American Continental Army * Treaty of Paris: recognized the independence of the American colonies and granted the Americans control of the territory from Appalachians to the Mississippi River (1783) A. Forming a New Nation * Articles of Confederation-1781 did little to provide a strong national government *The United States Constitution 1788 -national gov’t: levy taxes, raise an army, regulate trade, create currency - President: execute laws, veto the legislature’s acts, supervise foreign affairs, and direct military forces -Legislative: Senate and House of Represented- got legislative powers - Supreme Court: enforce constitution as the “supreme law of the land” - Bill of rights-1789 II. The French Revolution A. Background to the French Revolution - The Three Estates * 1 st Estate- clergy (130,000) - owned 10% of land, didn’t have to pay taxes, divided between high class clergy and low class ones * 2 nd Estate- nobility (350,000) - owned 30% of land, held leading positions in gov’t, military, law courts, higher church offices, exempted from French tax * 3 rd Estate- commoners of society (75-80% of population) - owned 35-40% of land but most peasants owned none or little, pay lagged behind the price for food * Middle Class- 8%, owned 20-25% of land - Doctors, lawyers, writers - Other Problems facing the French Monarchy * 1787-1788: bad harvests, rising prices of food and unemployment 1/3 of population poor * French Gov’t finances almost collapsed - called Estates-General for first time under Louis XVI since 1614 - From Estates-General to National Assembly
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course HIST 102h taught by Professor Self during the Fall '08 term at Old Dominion.

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Chapter 19 - Chapter 19 Revolutionary Politics The Era of the French Revolution and Napoleon I Start of a Revolutionary Era The American Revolution

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