Unformatted text preview: ages across them
are equal. Thus, we can also use Ohm's law to find the current through the 16.0Ω resistor.
The currents that flow through the 8.00Ω and the 16.0Ω resistors combine to give the total
current that flows through the 20.0Ω resistor. Similar reasoning can be used to find the
current through the 9.00Ω resistor.
SOLUTION
a. The voltage across the 8.00Ω resistor is V8 = (0.500 A)(8.00 Ω) = 4.00 V . Since this is
also the voltage that is across the 16.0Ω resistor, we find that the current through the
16.0Ω resistor is I16 = (4.00 V)/(16.0 Ω ) = 0.250 A . Therefore, the total current that
flows through the 20.0Ω resistor is
I20 = 0.500 A + 0.250 A = 0.750 A b. The 8.00Ω and the 16.0Ω resistors are in parallel, so their equivalent resistance can be
1
1
1
1
obtained from Equation 20.17,
=
+
+
+ ... , and is equal to 5.33 Ω. Therefore,
Rp R1 R2 R3
the
equivalent
resistance
of
the
upper
branch
of
the
circuit
is
Rupper = 5.33 Ω + 20.0 Ω = 25.3 Ω , since the 5.33Ω resistance is in series with the 20.0Ω 1100 ELECTRIC CIRCUITS resistance. Using Ohm's law, we find that the voltage across the upper branch must be
V = (0.750 A)(25.3 Ω ) = 19.0 V . Since the lower branch is in parallel with the upper
branch, the voltage across both branches must be the same. Therefore, the current through
the 9.00Ω resistor is, from Ohm's law, Vlower 19.0 V
= 2.11 A
R9
9.00 Ω
______________________________________________________________________________
I9 = = 72. REASONING The resistance R of each of the identical resistors determines the equivalent
resistance Req of the entire circuit, both in its initial form (six resistors) and in its final form
(five resistors). We will calculate the initial and final equivalent circuit resistances by
replacing groups of resistors that are connected either in series or parallel. The resistances of
the replacement resistors are found either from RS = R1 + R2 + R3 + L (Equation 20.16) for
resistors connected in series, or from 1
1
1
1
=+
+
+ L (Equation 20.17), for resistors
RP R1 R2 R3 connected in parallel.
Once the equivalent resistance Req of the circuit is determined, the current I supplied by the
V
battery (voltage = V) is found from I =
(Equation 20.2). We are given the decrease ∆I
Req
in the battery current, which is equal to the final current If minus the initial current I0:
∆I = I f − I 0 = −1.9 A (1) The algebraic sign of ∆I is negative because the final current is smaller than the initial
current. SOLUTION Beginning with the circuit in its initial form,
we see that resistors 1, 3, and 5 are connected in series (see
the drawing). These three resistors, according to Equation
20.16, may be replaced with a single resistor RS that has
three times the resistance R of a single resistor: R1 R2
R4 R3 R6 R5 R S = 3R
R2 The resistor RS is connected in parallel with the resistor R4
(see the drawing), so these two resistors may be replaced by
an equivalent resistor RP found from Equation 20.17:
1
RP = R P −1 1
1
=
+ R S R4 −1 1 1
=
+ 3R R −1 3
1
=
+ 3 R 3R R4 RS = 3 R R6
−1 4
= 3R −1 = 3R
4 Chapter 20 Problems After making this replacement, the three remaining resistors (R2, RP,
and R6) are connected in series across the battery (see the drawing).
The initial equivalent resistance Req,0 of the entire circuit, then, is
found from Equation 20.16:
R eq,0 = RP + R2 + R4 = R2
RP = 3R/4 (2) R1 R2 R5 R6 R3 R eq,f = 5 R From I = R6 3R
11R
+ 2R =
4
4 Next, we consider the circuit after the resistor R4 has been
removed. The remaining five resistors are connected in
series (see the drawing). From Equation 20.16, then, the
final equivalent resistance Req,f of the entire circuit is five
times the resistance R of a single resistor: 1101 (3) V
(Equation 20.2), the initial and final battery currents are
Req
I0 = V
Req,0 and If = V
Req,f (4) Substituting Equations (2), (3), and (4) into Equation (1), we obtain
∆I = I f − I 0 = V
V
V
V
V 1 4 9V
−
=
−
= − =−
Req,f Req,0 5R 11R R 5 11 55R 4 (5) Solving Equation (5) for R yields
R=− 73. 9 ( 35 V )
9V
=−
= 3.0 Ω
55∆I
55 ( −1.9 A ) SSM REASONING The terminal voltage of the battery is given by Vterminal = Emf – Ir ,
where r is the internal resistance of the battery. Since the terminal voltage is observed to be
onehalf of the emf of the battery, we have Vterminal = Emf/2 and I = Emf / ( 2r ) . From Ohm's law, the equivalent resistance of the circuit is R = emf / I = 2 r . We can also find
the equivalent resistance of the circuit by considering that the identical bulbs are in parallel
across the battery terminals, so that the equivalent resistance of the N bulbs is found from 1102 ELECTRIC CIRCUITS 1
N
=
R p Rbulb Rp = or Rbulb
N This equivalent resistance is in series with the battery, so we find that the equivalent
resistance of the circuit is
R bulb
R = 2r =
+r
N
This expression can be solved for N.
SOLUTION Solving the above expression for N, we have 15 Ω
= 30
2r − r
r
0.50 Ω
______________________________________________________________________________
N= R bulb = R...
View
Full
Document
 Spring '13
 CHASTAIN
 Physics, The Lottery

Click to edit the document details