Summary of Orwell - “method of thought which obtains...

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Erin Alemdar ENG 113 11:00 Summary of Orwell’s “What is Science?” In George Orwell’s essay “What is Science,” he dissects the dual meaning and  associations with the word ‘science’ and how it relates to the social and political issues of the  world.  In the beginning of the essay, Orwell notes that the actual definition of science is not  exact; therefore, the definitions of scientific knowledge and education are also “obscured” (2).  While there are general definitions and ideas about what science is, these definitions do little to  point out the significance or practical use of scientific knowledge (4).  These ambiguities lead to  confusion regarding scientists themselves.  Is a scientist only a chemist or a biologist?  Can the  word ‘scientist’ be applied to writers and philosophers?  Both of these types of people use a 
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Unformatted text preview: “method of thought which obtains verifiable results by reasoning logically from observed fact,” yet few people would consider a poet a scientist (5). Orwell believes that people who are more interested in literature, history, and art rather than math and science are more likely to care about humanity and politics (8). Orwell also suggests that the worldwide spread of scientific knowledge may result in the “detriment of literature and history” (9). Orwell concludes his essay by referring to an article stating the American and British opposition to the atomic bond and inferring that the reason for the opposition must be because of the scientists’ literary and historical background (11)....
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