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HIST 2111H STUDY GUIDE pt 8Bleeding Kansas: **Who: Popular sovereignty stated that the inhabitants of each territory or state should decide whether it would be a free or slave state; however, this resulted in immigration en masseto Kansas by activists from both sides; Northerners against slavery and Southerners for slaveryWhat: was a series of violent political confrontations involving anti-slavery Free-Staters and pro-slavery "Border Ruffian" elements, that took place in the Kansas Territory and the neighboring towns of Missouri between 1854 and 1861. At the heart of the conflictwas the question of whether Kansas would enter the Union as a free state or slavestate.As such, Bleeding Kansas was a proxy war between Northerners and Southerners over the issue of slavery in the United States. The term "Bleeding Kansas" was coined by Horace Greeley of the New York Tribune; the events it encompasses directly presaged the American Civil War.