research paper; eating disorders - Bryans 1 Alexandra...

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Bryans 1Alexandra BryansProf. AldridgeEnglish 1201 GF12/01/11Females vs. the Maturing BodyEating disorders are common expressions of low self-esteem in teenagers both female and male; although, it is more common in females. At least two million female Americans have a clinically relevant eating disorder ( Durant, Marti, and Stice 3). Media-based pressure combined with sociocultural, developmental, personality, trauma, and familial factors create an image of the ideal physique that leads to overwhelming feelings of inadequacy. Eating disorders are categorized into four different diagnoses including: anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, binge eating disorder, and eating disorders not otherwise specified. These mental disorders are more common in women, as societal opinion has formed the ideals concerning what their outward appearances and actions should reflect. These standards, incorporated with the preset risk factors for the potentiality of eating disorders impacts the desperate actions young females often commit in order to earn acceptance. However, there are several therapeutic options for teenagers suffering from eating disorders which have proved to be highly effective including family based therapy, adolescent focused individual therapy, and developmentally adapted cognitive behavioral therapy. These therapies emphasize the importance that the patient, their friends, and their families understand the disorder and how they can help overcome it. It is important to understand the variations in eating disorders and to understand who is more susceptible to acquiring an eating disorder to seek particular treatment or prevention information. Each type of eating disorder is its own disease, which encompasses its own various symptoms. Anorexia nervosa is described as incessant weight loss accompanied by a fear of
Bryans 2becoming fat. Females who are anorexic restrict their food dramatically, often consuming less than eight hundred calories per day. Sometimes anorexic females binge, but this is without the psychological effects of bulimia. Anorexic females refuse to maintain their weight at proper place for height and body structure. Due to this, anorexic females are often underweight which can cause Amenorrhea; a common symptom of anorexia. Anorexic females often possess feelings of depressed mood, social withdrawal, irritability, insomnia, and decreased sexual interest. High anxiety in public, obsessive compulsive behavior pertaining to food, and mood changes due to semi-starvation are all symptoms of anorexia (Franco np). Bulimia nervosa is most well known as a binge-purge cycle. This cycle begins with feelings of dissatisfaction. Dissatisfaction leads to excessive dieting, which in turn leads to excessive hunger. This hunger leads to binge-eating, which brings about anxiety for over-eating.

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