PSY309-2013SP-12-GenderRoleDifference

1 gender roles allow parents to more easily socialize

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Unformatted text preview: ward whom one is attracted (heterosexual, homosexual or bisexual) – Diamond now recommends the terms androphilic (male loving), gynecophilic (female loving) and ambiphilic (both loving) be used (Diamond, 2002a) – Also note pedophile (pre-puberty), ephebophile (puberty), hebephile (late adolescence), teleiophile (adult) Gender Roles May Come (in part) from Sex Differences • Sex (or a sex difference) refers to “actual” psychological and physical differences between men and women (caveat of intersex) – Quantifiable, measurable differences consistent with theories and evidence – Usually some “biological” but much “genderedness” varies across cultures Why does our society, and our species, even have gender roles? 1) Gender roles allow parents to more easily socialize children into certain societal niches • If child is aggressive, parent can tell child to model “masculine role,” child will be able to fit into masculine niches as adult (whether male or female) Why does our society, and our species, even have gender roles? 1) Gender roles allow parents to more easily socialize children into certain societal niches • If child is aggressive, parent can tell child to model “masculine role,” child will be able to fit into masculine niches as adult (whether male or female) 2) Gender roles allow men to retain power through cultural institutions (masculine jobs) and by creating self-fulfilling prophecies in women (girls will not succeed at powerful jobs involving rational thinking) • Contrary view is that all men ganging up against all women is biologically nonsensical (kin selection, sexual selection, parental investment theory) Why does our society, and our species, even have gender roles? 1) Gender roles allow parents to more easily socialize children into certain societal niches • If child is aggressive, parent can tell child to model “masculine role,” child will be able to fit into masculine niches as adult (whether male or female) 2) Gender roles allow men to retain power through cultural institutions (masculine jobs) and by creating self-fulfilling prophecies in women (girls will not succeed at powerful jobs involving rational thinking) • Contrary view is that all men ganging up against all women is biologically nonsensical (kin selection, sexual selection, parental investment theory) 3) Gender roles are a consequence of sexual selection producing actual sex differences and highly intelligent Homo Sapiens noticing such differences • Moreover, the pancultural and chronic presence of gender roles may have resulted in psychological adaptations surrounding process of gender socialization (e.g., same-sex learning biases, hormonal reactions to certain stimuli, etc.) • Children seem designed to notice and consume information on gender and gender roles Why does our society, and our species, even have gender roles? 1) 2) 3) Gender roles allow parents to more easily socialize children into certain societal niches • If child is aggressive, parent can tell child to model “masculine role,” child will be able to fit into masculine niches as adult (whether male or female) Gender roles allow men to retain power through cultural institutions (masculine jobs) and by creating self-fulfilling prophecies in women (girls will not succeed at powerful jobs involving rational thinking) • Contrary view is that all men ganging up against all women is biologically nonsensical (kin selection, sexual selection, pa...
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