{[ promptMessage ]}

Bookmark it

{[ promptMessage ]}

PSY309-2013SP-12-GenderRoleDifference

1 gender roles allow parents to more easily socialize

Info icon This preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: ward whom one is attracted (heterosexual, homosexual or bisexual) – Diamond now recommends the terms androphilic (male loving), gynecophilic (female loving) and ambiphilic (both loving) be used (Diamond, 2002a) – Also note pedophile (pre-puberty), ephebophile (puberty), hebephile (late adolescence), teleiophile (adult) Gender Roles May Come (in part) from Sex Differences • Sex (or a sex difference) refers to “actual” psychological and physical differences between men and women (caveat of intersex) – Quantifiable, measurable differences consistent with theories and evidence – Usually some “biological” but much “genderedness” varies across cultures Why does our society, and our species, even have gender roles? 1) Gender roles allow parents to more easily socialize children into certain societal niches • If child is aggressive, parent can tell child to model “masculine role,” child will be able to fit into masculine niches as adult (whether male or female) Why does our society, and our species, even have gender roles? 1) Gender roles allow parents to more easily socialize children into certain societal niches • If child is aggressive, parent can tell child to model “masculine role,” child will be able to fit into masculine niches as adult (whether male or female) 2) Gender roles allow men to retain power through cultural institutions (masculine jobs) and by creating self-fulfilling prophecies in women (girls will not succeed at powerful jobs involving rational thinking) • Contrary view is that all men ganging up against all women is biologically nonsensical (kin selection, sexual selection, parental investment theory) Why does our society, and our species, even have gender roles? 1) Gender roles allow parents to more easily socialize children into certain societal niches • If child is aggressive, parent can tell child to model “masculine role,” child will be able to fit into masculine niches as adult (whether male or female) 2) Gender roles allow men to retain power through cultural institutions (masculine jobs) and by creating self-fulfilling prophecies in women (girls will not succeed at powerful jobs involving rational thinking) • Contrary view is that all men ganging up against all women is biologically nonsensical (kin selection, sexual selection, parental investment theory) 3) Gender roles are a consequence of sexual selection producing actual sex differences and highly intelligent Homo Sapiens noticing such differences • Moreover, the pancultural and chronic presence of gender roles may have resulted in psychological adaptations surrounding process of gender socialization (e.g., same-sex learning biases, hormonal reactions to certain stimuli, etc.) • Children seem designed to notice and consume information on gender and gender roles Why does our society, and our species, even have gender roles? 1) 2) 3) Gender roles allow parents to more easily socialize children into certain societal niches • If child is aggressive, parent can tell child to model “masculine role,” child will be able to fit into masculine niches as adult (whether male or female) Gender roles allow men to retain power through cultural institutions (masculine jobs) and by creating self-fulfilling prophecies in women (girls will not succeed at powerful jobs involving rational thinking) • Contrary view is that all men ganging up against all women is biologically nonsensical (kin selection, sexual selection, pa...
View Full Document

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern